عذاب

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare عَذَّبَ(ʿaḏḏaba, to torment) and تَعَذَّبَ(taʿaḏḏaba).

Noun[edit]

عَذَاب (ʿaḏābm

  1. torture, torment, punishment
    • 7th century CE, The Quran[1]:
      إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَى قَوْمِهِ أَنْ أَنْذِرْ قَوْمَكَ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
      ʾinnā ʾarsalnā nūḥan ʾilā qawmihi ʾan ʾanḏir qawmaka min qabli ʾan yaʾtiyahum ʿaḏābun ʾalīmun
      Lo! We sent Noah unto his people (saying): Warn thy people ere the painful doom come unto them.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 88:23-24:
      إِلَّا مَن تَوَلَّىٰ وَكَفَرَ / فَيُعَذِّبُهُ اللَّهُ الْعَذَابَ الْأَكْبَرَ
      ʾillā man tawallā wakafara / fayuʿaḏḏibuhu l-lahu l-ʿaḏāba l-ʾakbara
      But whoso is averse and disbelieveth, Allah will punish him with direst punishment.
    Antonym: رَحْمَة(raḥma)
  2. torment (extreme pain), agony, suffering, pain
    Antonym: نَعِيم(naʿīm)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Azerbaijani: əzab
  • Ottoman Turkish: عذاب(azâb)
  • Persian: عذاب('azâb)

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَذَاب(ʿaḏāb).

Noun[edit]

عذاب ('azâb)

  1. torture
  2. torment
  3. punishment