غير

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See also: غیرand غ ي ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root غ ي ر(ḡ-y-r); compare غَارَ(ḡāra, to be jealous, to display zeal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

غُيُر (ḡuyurm pl

  1. masculine plural of غَيُور(ḡayūr, zealous, very jealous, very enthusiastic)

Noun[edit]

غُيُر (ḡuyurm pl

  1. plural of غَيُور(ḡayūr, zealot)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɣajr/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

غَيْر (ḡayrm

  1. other than, different from, unlike
    غَيْرُهُ‎ ― ḡayruhuanother (literally, “other than him”)
    هَل عِنْدَكَ أَصْدِقَاءُ غَيْرُ هَٰؤُلَاءِ؟‎‎
    hal ʿindaka ʾaṣdiqāʾu ḡayru hāʾulāʾi?
    Do you have any friends other than these?
    رَأَيْتُ رَجُلًا غَيْرَهُ
    raʾaytu rajulan ḡayrahu
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • Qur'an 6:68
      وَإِذَا رَأَيۡتَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِيٓ ءَايَٰتِنَا فَأَعۡرِضۡ عَنۡهُمۡ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُواْ فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيۡرِهِۦۚ وَإِمَّا يُنسِيَنَّكَ ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنُ فَلَا تَقۡعُدۡ بَعۡدَ ٱلذِّكۡرَىٰ مَعَ ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَ
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. except, save, but
    لَا أُرِيدُ غَيْرَ ذٰلِكَ.‎‎
    lā ʾurīdu ḡayra ḏālika.
    I want only this.
    (literally, “I don’t want anything but this.”)
    وَصَلَ الْمُسَافِرُونَ غَيْرَ وَاحِدٍ.‎‎
    waṣala l-musāfirūna ḡayra wāḥidin.
    All the travellers arrived but one.
    لَا إلَٰهَ غَيْرُكَ.‎‎
    lā ʾilāha ḡayruka.
    There is no god but You.
  3. more than
    غَيْرَ مَرَّةٍ
    ḡayra marratin
    more than once
  4. no, not, un-, non-, in-, dis-
    غَيْرُ طَيِّبٍ
    ḡayru ṭayyibin
    not good
    هَٰذَا غَيْرُ قَانُونِيٍّ
    hāḏā ḡayru qānūniyyin
    This is illegal
    يَكُونُ غَيْرَ قَانُونِيٍّ
    yakūnu ḡayra qānūniyyin
    It is illegal
    هٰذَا الْمَحَلٌّ غَيْرُ مَفْتُوحٍ لِلنَاسِ غَيْرِ الْمُتَحَضَّرِينَ وَالمُتَوَحِّشِينَ
    hāḏā l-maḥallun ḡayru maftūḥin li-n-nāsi ḡayri l-mutaḥaḍḍarīna wa-l-mutawaḥḥišīna
    This place is not open for uncivilized or uncouth people.
    (literally, “This place is not open for the other-than-civilized and other-than-uncouth people.”)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 95:6:
      إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ
      ʾillā allaḏīna ʾāmanū wa-ʿamilū ṣ-ṣāliḥāti fa-la-hum ʾajrun ḡayru mamnūnin
      Except for those who believe and work good deeds: their reward will not wear off.
  5. اَلْغَيْر (al-ḡayr):
    1. someone or something else; someone or something other than; other; others
    2. (law) third party

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

غَيَّرَ (ḡayyara) II, non-past يُغَيِّرُ‎‎ (yuḡayyiru)

  1. (transitive) to change, to alter

Conjugation[edit]


North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

غير (ḡayr, ḡēr)

  1. (definite) other than
    ما عنا غير القرايب.‎‎
    ma ʿinna ḡayr li-ʾrāyib.
    We have nobody but the relatives.
  2. (indefinite) other
    ما عنا غير قرايب.‎‎
    ma ʿinna ḡayr ʾrāyib.
    We don't have other relatives.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (other): آخر(ʾāḵar), تاني(tēni) (only these can be used in definite construction)