غير

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See also: غیرand غ ي ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root غ ي ر (ḡ-y-r); compare غَارَ (ḡāra, to be jealous, to display zeal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

غُيُر (ḡuyurm pl

  1. masculine plural of غَيُور (ḡayūr, zealous, very jealous, very enthusiastic)

Noun[edit]

غُيُر (ḡuyurm pl

  1. plural of غَيُور (ḡayūr, zealot)

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root غ ي ر (ḡ-y-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

غَيْر (ḡayrm

  1. (literally) someone or something else; someone or something other than; other; others
    الْغَيْر‎ ― al-ḡayrthe others, neighbors
    غَيْرُهُ‎ ― ḡayruhuanother, someone other than him
    لَا أُرِيدُ غَيْرَ ذٰلِكَ
    lā ʾurīdu ḡayra ḏālika
    I want only this.
    (literally, “I don’t want anything but this.”)
    هَل عِنْدَكَ أَصْدِقاءُ غَيْرُ هٰؤُلاءِ؟‏
    hal ʿindaka ʾaṣdiqāʾu ḡayru hāʾulāʾi?
    Do you have any friends other than these?
    بِغَيْرِ‎ ― bi-ḡayriwithout
    بِغَيْرِ حُدُود‎ ― biḡayri ḥudūdvery much, so many (lit. "without border")
    مِن غَيْرِ‎ ― min ḡayriwithout
    فِي غَيْرِ‎ ― fī ḡayriwithout
    (with following abstract noun)
    فِي غَيْرِ مَا‎ ― fī ḡayri māwithout
    (with following abstract noun)
    لَا غَيْرُ‎ ― lā ḡayruonly, just, nothing besides that
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Particle[edit]

غَيْر (ḡayr)

  1. no, not, un-, non-, in-, dis-
    غَيْرُ طَيِّبٍ‎ ― ḡayru ṭayyibinnot good
Declension[edit]
  • Same as the noun above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

غَيَّرَ (ḡayyara) II, non-past يُغَيِّرُ‎ (yuḡayyiru)

  1. (transitive) to change, to alter
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “غير”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4