ـی

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Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian -yk' / 𐭩𐭪𐭩(-īg) or Arabic ـِيّ(-iyy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـی (-i)

  1. Forms adjectives from nouns.
    تهران(Tehrân, Tehran) + ـی (-i) = تهرانی(Tehrâni, Tehrani)
    خورشید(xoršid, sun) + ـی (-i) = خورشیدی(xoršidi, solar)
  2. Forms surnames.
Usage notes[edit]

ـی is the form that follows words ending in consonants. Adjectives ending in the short vowel ـه(-e) will use the form ـگی(-egi) for their derived nouns, while nouns ending in ـه(-e) will usually add the non-joining ای(-i) to form their derived adjectives. Both nouns and adjectives ending in the long vowels ـا() and ـو(-u) will use the form یی(-yi)

As a derivational suffix, ـی and the above-mentioned alternative forms take the stress in a word, as in خورشیدی(xoršidí, solar). As the marked indefinite or relative definite suffix, the stress remains on the root of the word, as in خورشیدی(xoršídi, a sun / the sun which)

Most Persian surnames end in this suffix.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭩𐭧(-īh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـی (-i)

  1. Forms abstract nouns from adjectives.
    بزرگ(bozorg, big) + ـی (-i) = بزرگی(bozorgi, bigness)
    شیرین(širin, sweet) + ـی (-i) = شیرینی(širini, sweetness)
    جوان(javân, young) + ـی (-i) = جوانی(javâni, youth)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭸(ē(w)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

Dari Persian ـی
Iranian Persian ـی
Tajiki Persian (-e)

ـی ()

  1. a, one