ـی

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Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian -yk' / 𐭩𐭪𐭩 ‎(-īg) and Arabic ـِيّ ‎(-iyy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـی ‎(-i)

  1. Forms adjectives from nouns.
    تهران ‎(Tehrân, Tehran) + ـی ‎(-i) = تهرانی ‎(Tehrâni, Tehrani)
    خورشید ‎(xoršid, sun) + ـی ‎(-i) = خورشیدی ‎(xoršidi, solar)
  2. Forms surnames.

Usage notes[edit]

ـی is the form that follows words ending in consonants. Adjectives ending in the short vowel ـه ‎(-e) will use the form ـگی ‎(-egi) for their derived nouns, while nouns ending in ـه ‎(-e) will usually add the non-joining ای ‎(-i) to form their derived adjectives. Both nouns and adjectives ending in the long vowels ـا ‎() and ـو ‎(-u) will use the form یی ‎(-yi)

As a derivational suffix, ـی and the above-mentioned alternative forms take the stress in a word, as in خورشیدی ‎(xoršidí, solar). As the marked indefinite or relative definite suffix, the stress remains on the root of the word, as in خورشیدی ‎(xoršídi, a sun / the sun which)

Most Persian surnames end in this suffix.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭩𐭧 ‎(-īh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـی ‎(-i)

  1. Forms abstract nouns from adjectives.
    بزرگ ‎(bozorg, big) + ـی ‎(-i) = بزرگی ‎(bozorgi, bigness)
    شیرین ‎(širin, sweet) + ـی ‎(-i) = شیرینی ‎(širini, sweetness)
    جوان ‎(javân, young) + ـی ‎(-i) = جوانی ‎(javâni, youth)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭸 ‎(ē(w)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

Dari ـی
Iranian Persian ـی
Tajik ‎(-e)

ـی ‎()

  1. a, one