قطب

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See also: قطتand ق ط ب

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ق ط ب(q-ṭ-b).

Verb[edit]

قَطَبَ (qaṭaba) I, non-past يَقْطِبُ‎‎ (yaqṭibu)

  1. to gather, to collect
  2. (obsolete) to mix the wine, to fill it into its vessels in a blended state
    • a. 625, اَلأَعْشَى (al-ʾaʿšā)
      وَكَأسٍ كَعَينِ الديكِ باكَرتُ حَدَّها
      بِفِتيانِ صِدقٍ وَالنَواقيسُ تُضرَبُ
      سُلافٍ كَأَنَّ الزَعفَرانَ وَعَندَما
      يُصَفَّقُ في ناجودِها ثُمَّ تُقطَبُ
      wa-kaʾsin ka-ʿayni ad-dīki bākartu ḥadda-hā
      bi-fityāni ṣidqin wa-n-nawāqīsu tuḍrabu
      sulāfin ka-ʾanna az-zaʿfarāna wa-ʿindamā
      yuṣaffaqu fī nājūdi-hā ṯumma tuqṭabu
      There are stoops splendid like cock’s eyen, and I betook myself early to cross the border [into the land of the Christians]
      with friendly lads, where the bells are hit,
      where there is fore-must wine like saffron,
      and one clinks the beakers and then mixes the wine.

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَطَبَ (qaṭaba) I, non-past يَقْطِبُ‎‎ (yaqṭibu)

  1. to knit the eyebrows, to scowl

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَطَّبَ (qaṭṭaba) II, non-past يُقَطِّبُ‎‎ (yuqaṭṭibu)

  1. to scowl, to glower
  2. to knit the brow, to frown
  3. (Egypt) to sew together

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قُطْب (quṭbm (plural أَقْطَاب(ʾaqṭāb))

  1. axis, axle
  2. pivot, hub
  3. pole (electrical, astronomy, geography)
  4. (usually in the plural) leader, authority, leading personality, celebrity

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَطْب (qaṭbm

  1. verbal noun of قَطَبَ (qaṭaba) (form I)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَطْب or قُطُب (qaṭb or quṭubm

  1. Tribulus spp.
    Synonym: شَرْشَر(šaršar)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “قطب”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 463
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “قطب”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 905