قمر

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ق م ر(q-m-r). The Arabic word for the moon is alone in the Semitic languages and of unknown origin. Compare also Amharic ቀመር (qä-mä-rə /qämär/, moon), Dahalik ቃመሬት (qa-mä-re-tə /qammaret/, moon) and ቀመር (qä-mä-rə /qamar/), synonym for ወርሕ (wä-rə-ḥə /warɛḥ/) (from Proto-Semitic warḫ-), but still uncertain if possibly borrowed from Arabic or a native form. Possible distant relationship with Akkadian 𒄣𒈠𒊒𒌑 (qu-ma-ru-u2 /qummārû/, to be naked, exposed; to have leprosy, to have mold or fungus, to change in color, to be splotched with white, to be dazzling or whitened; also a designation of sheep) as the Arabic term originally referred to the moon at any time other than the beginning and end of the month without light, the illuminated spotted surface of the moon before it is obscured again.

Verb[edit]

قَمَرَ (qamara) I, non-past يَقْمِرُ‎‎ (yaqmiru)

  1. to gamble

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَمَرَ (qamara) I, non-past يَقْمِرُor يَقْمُرُ‎‎ (yaqmiru or yaqmuru)

  1. to defeat in gambling

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَمِرَ (qamira) I, non-past يَقْمَرُ‎‎ (yaqmaru)

  1. to be or become snow-blind

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَمَّرَ (qammara) II, non-past يُقَمِّرُ‎‎ (yuqammiru)

  1. to toast (bread)

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(file)

قَمَر (qamarm (plural أَقْمَار(ʾaqmār))

  1. moon
    609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 4:176:
    تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي السَّمَاءِ بُرُوجًا وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا سِرَاجًا وَقَمَرًا مُنِيرًا
    tabāraka allaḏī jaʿala fī s-samāʾi burūjan wajaʿala fīhā sirājan waqamaran munīran
    Blessed is He who has placed in the sky great stars and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon.
  2. satellite
    Synonyms: سَاتِل(sātil), قَمَر صِنَاعِيّ(qamar ṣināʿiyy)
  3. snow blindness
  4. (figuratively) something or someone beautiful, handsome, especially a face
    قَمَرُ بَنِي هَاشِم‎ ― qamaru banī hāšimThe Moon of the Sons of Hashim [title of Abbas ibn Ali]

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gulf Arabic: قمر(gumar)
  • Hijazi Arabic: قمر(gamar)
  • Persian: قمر(qamar)

Noun[edit]

قَمْر (qamrm

  1. verbal noun of قَمِرَ (qamira) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of قَمَرَ (qamara) (form I)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “قمر”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 403
  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “قمر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 495–496
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “قمر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 855
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “قمر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 923

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَمَر(qamar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قمر (gumarm (dual قمرين(gumarēn), plural اقمار(aqmār) or اقمار(agmār))

  1. moon
  2. (figuratively) a very beautiful or handsome person, regardless of gender

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Root
ق م ر

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic قَمَر(qamar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قمر (qamarm (plural أقمار(ʔaqmār))

  1. moon

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic قَمَّرَ(qammara).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قمر (qammar) (form II, non-past يقمر(yqammar))

  1. to gamble
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of قمر
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m قمّرت(qammart) قمّرتي(qammarti) قمّر (qammar) قمّرنا(qammarna) قمّرتوا(qammartu) قمّروا(qammru)
f قمّرت(qammrāt)
non-past m نقمّر(nqammar) تقمّر(tqammar) يقمّر(yqammar) نقمّروا(nqammru) تقمّروا(tqammru) يقمّروا(yqammru)
f تقمّري(tqammri) تقمّر(tqammar)
imperative m قمّر (qammar) قمّروا(qammru)
f قمّري(qammri)

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَمَر(qamar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قمر (qamar) (plural اقمار(aqmâr) or قمرها(qamar-hâ))

  1. (archaic, poetic) moon
    Synonym: ماه(mâh)
  2. satellite
    Synonym: ماهواره(mâhvâre)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ق م ر

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَمَر(qamar).

Noun[edit]

قمر (ʔamarm

  1. moon

See also[edit]