قنطار

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Syriac ܩܰܢܛܺܝܪܳܐ(qanṭīrā), ܩܰܢܛܺܝܢܳܪܳܐ(qanṭīnārā), from Byzantine Greek κεντηνάριον (kentēnárion), from Latin centēnārium (hundredweight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قِنْطَار (qinṭārm (plural قَنَاطِير(qanāṭīr))

  1. hundredweight, quintal, kantar (a weight measure, usually the largest and dividing to 100 رَطْل(raṭl))
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 3:75:
      وَمِنْ أَهْلِ ٱلْكِتَابِ مَنْ إِنْ تَأْمَنْهُ بِقِنْطَارٍ يُؤَدِّهِ إِلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ إِنْ تَأْمَنْهُ بِدِينَارٍ لَا يُؤَدِّهِ إِلَيْكَ إِلَّا مَا دُمْتَ عَلَيْهِ قَائِمًا
      wa-min ʾahli l-kitābi man ʾin taʾmanhu bi-qinṭārin yuʾaddihi ʾilayka wa-minhum man ʾin taʾmanhu bidīnārin lā yuʾaddihi ʾilayka ʾillā mā dumta ʿalayhi qāʾiman
      And among the People of the Scripture is he who, if you entrust him with a qintar, he will return it to you. And among them is he who, if you entrust him with a dinar, he will not return it to you unless you persist confronting him.
    1. (obsolete, Syria until 1931) ‎ 6000 ‎وُقِيّة(wuqiyya)‎ – 256.4 kg
    2. (obsolete, Saudi-Arabia until 1964) 150 رَطْل(raṭl) – 67.5 kg
    3. (obsolete, Egypt/Sudan until 1891) ‎ 36 ‎أُقَّة(ʾuqqa)‎ – ‎133+13وِقِيّة(wiqiyya)‎ – 230,400 ‎قِيرَاط(qīrāṭ)‎ – 44.93 kg
    4. (obsolete, Libya until 1927) ‎ 40 ‎أُقَّة(ʾuqqa)‎ – 51.28 kg
    5. (obsolete, Tunisia until 1895) ‎ 2000 ‎وُقِيّة(wuqiyya)‎ – 53.9 kg
    6. (obsolete, Algeria until 1843) ‎ 2400 ‎وُقِيّة(wuqiyya)‎ – 81.912 kg
    7. (obsolete, Morocco until 1923) ‎ 50.75 kg
  2. (figurative) wealth, great possessions
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 3:14:
      زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ ٱلشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ ٱلنِّسَاءِ وَٱلْبَنِينَ وَٱلْقَنَاطِيرِ ٱلْمُقَنْطَرَةِ مِنَ ٱلذَّهَبِ وَٱلْفِضَّةِ وَٱلْخَيْلِ ٱلْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَٱلْأَنْعَامِ وَٱلْحَرْثِ ذٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ ٱلْحَيَاةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱللّٰهُ عِنْدَهُ حُسْنُ ٱلْمَآبِ
      zuyyina li-n-nāsi ḥubbu š-šahawāti mina n-nisāʾi wa-l-banīna wa-l-qanāṭīri l-muqanṭarati mina ḏ-ḏahabi wa-l-fiḍḍati wa-l-ḵayli l-musawwamati wa-l-ʾanʿāmi wa-l-ḥarṯi ḏālika matāʿu l-ḥayāti d-dunyā wa-llāhu ʿindahu ḥusnu l-maʾābi
      Beautified for men is the love of things they covet, women, children, heaped-up wealth of gold and silver, branded beautiful horses, cattle and cropland. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life, but Allah has the finest return with Him.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cardarelli, François (2003) Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins, London: Springer, →ISBN
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 203

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic قِنْطَار(qinṭār), from Byzantine Greek κεντηνάριον (kentēnárion), from Latin centēnārium (hundredweight).

Noun[edit]

قنطار (kantar)

  1. kantar
  2. steelyard
  3. hundredweight, quintal

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic قِنْطَار(qinṭār), from Byzantine Greek κεντηνάριον (kentēnárion), from Latin centēnārium (hundredweight).

Noun[edit]

قنطار (qentâr) (plural قناطیر‎)

  1. kantar
  2. hundredweight, quintal