كبر

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See also: كثر‎, گبر‎, ك ب ر, and ك ث ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ك ب ر(k-b-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

كَبُرَ (kabura) I, non-past يَكْبُرُ‎‎ (yakburu)

  1. to be or become big
  2. to grow, to grow up
  3. to become famous
  4. to become too great (for something)
  5. to disdain
  6. to become too oppressive
  7. to appear intolerable
  8. to become too difficult
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

كَبَرَ (kabara) I, non-past يَكْبُرُ‎‎ (yakburu)

  1. to be older than
    • 1949, Naguib Mahfouz, The beginning and the end, Dar El-Shorouk, page 6:
      يَكْبُرُ أَخَاهُ بِعَامَيْنِ
      yakburu ʾaḵāhu bi-ʿāmayni
      He is two years older than his brother
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

كَبَّرَ (kabbara) II, non-past يُكَبِّرُ‎‎ (yukabbiru)

  1. (transitive) to enlarge, to make something bigger.
  2. (intransitive) to say the takbir (اللّٰهُ أَكْبَر(allāhu ʾakbar, God is greatest))
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

كَبْر (kabrm

  1. verbal noun of كَبَرَ (kabara) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

كُبْر (kubrm

  1. verbal noun of كَبُرَ (kabura) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Capparis spinosa CBMen 06.jpg
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From Classical Syriac ܩܦܪ(qappar, caper-bush) or Classical Syriac ܟܦܪ(kappār, kappar), considered from Ancient Greek κάππαρις (kápparis) of uncertain likely Asian or Pre-Greek origin.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

كَبَر (kabarm

  1. caper (Capparis gen. and especially Capparis spinosa, as well as the edible buds from it)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “كبر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in la), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 3–4
  • Löw, Immanuel (1928) Die Flora der Juden[1] (in de), volume 1, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, page 322–331
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (2011), “كبر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in de), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, pages 1081–1083