كلف

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See also: کلف and گلف

Arabic

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Root
ك ل ف (k l f)
6 terms

Verb

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كَلِفَ (kalifa) I, non-past يَكْلَفُ‎ (yaklafu)

  1. to spend zeal, pains and costs, to be eager (on a thing)
  2. to be or fall in love, to like (بِ (bi) something), to be very attached (بِ (bi) to)
  3. to get melasmata, to get irregular brown-reddish spots (of the face)

Conjugation

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Verb

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كَلَّفَ (kallafa) II, non-past يُكَلِّفُ‎ (yukallifu)

  1. to entrust ([transitive] someone [transitive or بِ (bi)] with something), to impose (a matter on someone)
  2. (ditransitive) to assign (someone a task)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 2:286:
      لَا يُكَلِّفُ ٱللّٰهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا
      yukallifu llāhu nafsan ʔillā wusʕahā
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  3. to molest, to make difficulties for, to trouble
  4. (ditransitive) to cost (someone something)
    هٰذَا سَيُكَلِّفُكَ كَثِيرًا
    hāḏā sayukallifuka kaṯīran
    It will cost you a lot.

Conjugation

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Noun

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كَلَف (kalafm (plural أَكْلَاف (ʔaklāf))

  1. verbal noun of كَلِفَ (kalifa) (form I)
  2. pains and care taken
  3. amorousness
  4. melasmata, pathologically melanized skin portions
    • a. 1283, Abū Yahyā Zakariyāʾ ibn Muhammad al-Qazwīnīy, edited by Ferdinand Wüstenfeld, عجائب المخلوقات وغرائب الموجودات [ʿajāʾib al-maḵlūqāt wa-ḡarāʾib al-mawjūdāt][1], Göttingen: Verlag der Dieterichschen Buchhandlung, published 1849, page 249:
      بان شجرة معروفة لها ثمرة حبّها أكبر من الحمص مائل إلى البياض طيب الرائحة وله لبّ دهني قال الشيخ الرئيس إنه ينفع من البرص والكلف والبهق وآثار القروح وينفع من الثآليل أيضا في المراهم وطبخه ينفع من وجع الأسنان مضمضة وقال غيره ينفع من الجرب ويقطع الرعاف.
      The ben is a well-known tree with a fruit the grains of which are larger than chickpeas with a tendency towards white and a nice smell and an oily pulp about which Šayḵ ar-Raʾīs says that it helps against leprosy and melasmata and vitiligo and traces of ulcers and it helps against warts, too, and the salves and decocts applied by bandage are useful against toothache, and another author said it relives scabies and staunches nosebleed.
  5. spots on the sun or moon etc.

Declension

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Adjective

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كَلِف (kalif)

  1. amorously attracted

Declension

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South Levantine Arabic

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Root
ك ل ف
1 term

Etymology

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From Arabic كَلَّفَ (kallafa).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /kal.laf/, [ˈkal.laf]
  • Audio (al-Lidd):(file)

Verb

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كلّف (kallaf) II (present بكلّف (bikallef))

  1. to cost
  2. to commission, to entrust (someone) with a task

Conjugation

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    Conjugation of كلّف (kallaf)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m كلّفت (kallaft) كلّفت (kallaft) كلّف (kallaf) كلّفنا (kallafna) كلّفتو (kallaftu) كلّفو (kallafu)
f كلّفتي (kallafti) كلّفت (kallafat)
present m بكلّف (bakallef) بتكلّف (bitkallef) بكلّف (bikallef) منكلّف (minkallef) بتكلّفو (bitkallfu) بكلّفو (bikallfu)
f بتكلّفي (bitkallfi) بتكلّف (bitkallef)
subjunctive m اكلّف (akallef) تكلّف (tkallef) يكلّف (ykallef) نكلّف (nkallef) تكلّفو (tkallfu) يكلّفو (ykallfu)
f تكلّفي (tkallfi) تكلّف (tkallef)
imperative m كلّف (kallef) كلّفو (kallfu)
f كلّفي (kallfi)