لكن

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ل ك ن (l-k-n) meaning broken speech, originally used to resume a thought after an interruption.[1][2]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

لٰكِنَّ (lākinna)

  1. but, however
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • لٰكِنَّ (lākinna) functions like إِنَّ (ʾinna) and أَنَّ (ʾanna), shifting the subject of the subordinate clause to the accusative case. The subject of the subordinate clause must immediately follow لٰكِنَّ (lākinna); if it is a pronoun, it must be expressed. Contrast this syntactic function and the following examples with لٰكِنْ (lākin) below.
    لٰكِنَّ الرَّئِيسَ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākinna r-raʾīsa kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but the president was smarter than people expected
    لٰكِنَّهُ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākinnahu kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but he was smarter than people expected
See also[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

لٰكِنْ (lākin)

  1. but, however
  2. but, rather
  3. but not, after an affirmative.
Usage notes[edit]
  • لٰكِنْ (lākin) acts as a simple conjunction, with the subject of the subordinate clause in the nominative; the subject may follow immediately or be delayed. If it is a pronoun, it may be omitted. Contrast this syntactic function and the following examples with لٰكِنَّ (lākinna) above.
    لٰكِنِ الرَّئِيسُ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākini r-raʾīsu kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but the president was smarter than people expected
    لٰكِنْ (هُوَ) كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākin (huwa) kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but he was smarter than people expected
  • لٰكِنْ (lākin) is generally preceded in writing by وَـ (wa-, and): see وَلٰكِنْ (wa-lākin)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lane's Dictionary, page 3013, "لكن", meaning to stutter or stammer, to speak incorrectly.
  2. ^ https://www.almaany.com/en/dict/ar-en/%D9%84%D9%83%D9%86/