لكن

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

لٰكِنَّ ‎(lākinna)

  1. but, however
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • لٰكِنَّ ‎(lākinna) functions like إِنَّ ‎(ʾinna) and أَنَّ ‎(ʾanna), shifting the subject of the subordinate clause to the accusative case. The subject of the subordinate clause must immediately follow لٰكِنَّ ‎(lākinna); if it is a pronoun, it must be expressed. Contrast this syntactic function and the following examples with لٰكِنْ ‎(lākin) below.
    لٰكِنَّ الرَّئِيسَ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākinna r-raʾīsa kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but the president was smarter than people expected
    لٰكِنَّهُ كان كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākinnahu kān kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but he was smarter than people expected
See also[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

لٰكِنْ ‎(lākin)

  1. but, however
Usage notes[edit]
  • لٰكِنْ ‎(lākin) acts as a simple conjunction, with the subject of the subordinate clause in the nominative; the subject may follow immediately or be delayed. If it is a pronoun, it may be omitted. Contrast this syntactic function and the following examples with لٰكِنَّ ‎(lākinna) above.
    لٰكِنِ الرَّئِيسُ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākini r-raʾīsu kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but the president was smarter than people expected
    لٰكِنْ (هُوَ) كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākin (huwa) kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but he was smarter than people expected
  • لٰكِنْ ‎(lākin) is generally preceded in writing by وَ- ‎(wa-, and): see وَلٰكِنْ ‎(wa-lākin)