لكن

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ل ك ن(l-k-n) meaning broken speech, originally used to resume a thought after an interruption.[1][2]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

  • IPA(key): /laːˈkinːa/
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

لٰكِنَّ (lākinna)

  1. but, however
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • لٰكِنَّ(lākinna) functions like إِنَّ(ʾinna) and أَنَّ(ʾanna), shifting the subject of the subordinate clause to the accusative case. The subject of the subordinate clause must immediately follow لٰكِنَّ(lākinna); if it is a pronoun, it must be expressed. Contrast this syntactic function and the following examples with لٰكِنْ(lākin) below.
    لٰكِنَّ الرَّئِيسَ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākinna r-raʾīsa kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but the president was smarter than people expected
    لٰكِنَّهُ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākinnahu kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but he was smarter than people expected
See also[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

لٰكِنْ (lākin)

  1. but, however
  2. but, rather
    لَمْ يُسَافِرِ الطُّلَابُ لَٰكِنْ وَكِيلُهُمْ
    lam yusāfiri ṭ-ṭulābu lākin wakīluhum
    The students didn’t travel but their principal.
    Synonym: بَلْ(bal)
  3. but not, after an affirmative.
Usage notes[edit]
  • لٰكِنْ(lākin) acts as a simple conjunction, with the subject of the subordinate clause in the nominative; the subject may follow immediately or be delayed. If it is a pronoun, it may be omitted. Contrast this syntactic function and the following examples with لٰكِنَّ(lākinna) above.
    لٰكِنِ الرَّئِيسُ كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākini r-raʾīsu kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but the president was smarter than people expected
    لٰكِنْ (هُوَ) كَانَ أَذْكَى مِمَّا تَوَقَّعَ النَّاس
    lākin (huwa) kāna ʾaḏkā mimmā tawaqqaʿa n-nās
    but he was smarter than people expected
  • لٰكِنْ(lākin) is generally preceded in writing by وَـ(wa-, and): see وَلٰكِنْ(wa-lākin)

References[edit]

  1. ^ “لكن” in Edward William Lane (1863), Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 3013, meaning to stutter or stammer, to speak incorrectly.
  2. ^ https://www.almaany.com/en/dict/ar-en/%D9%84%D9%83%D9%86/