مال

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably a univerbation of مَا(, what) + ل(l-, to; belonging to), as in مَا لِي (mā lī, what belongs to me). The root م و ل(m-w-l) then developed denominally. While this may seem like popular etymology, similar univerbations do exist in Arabic; compare particularly the dialectal verb جَاب(jāb).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /maːl/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

مَال (mālm (plural أَمْوَال(ʾamwāl))

  1. property, possessions, chattels, goods
  2. wealth, affluence
  3. fortune, estate
  4. money
  5. income, revenue
  6. assets, capital, stock, fund
  7. (Islam, law) marketable title
  8. (Egypt) tax, land tax
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: mal
  • Bashkir: мал (mal)
  • Crimean Tatar: mal
  • Kazakh: мал (mal)
  • Kyrgyz: мал (mal)
  • Maltese: miel
  • Mongolian: мал (mal)
  • Old Armenian: մալ (mal)
  • Persian: مال(mâl)
  • Swahili: mali
  • Tatar: мал (mal)
  • Turkish: mal
  • Uzbek: mol

References[edit]

  • Bauer, Hans (1935), “Etymologica I”, in Zeitschrift für Semitistik und verwandte Gebiete (in German), volume 10, page 1
  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “مال”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 221
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “مال”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1168
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “مال”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 983
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “مال”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 1233

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root م ي ل(m-y-l).

Verb[edit]

مَالَ (māla) I, non-past يَمِيلُ‎‎ (yamīlu)

  1. to bend, incline to
  2. to lean (عَلَى(ʿalā, against))
  3. to be favorably disposed
  4. to hang down
  5. to sink
  6. to move towards (not in a straight line)
  7. to decline, deviate
  8. to sympathize (إِلَى(ʾilā, with))
  9. to have an antipathy (عَلَى(ʿalā, against))
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

مَالَ (māla) I, non-past يَمِيلُ‎‎ (yamīlu)

  1. to turn towards setting
  2. (transitive or construed with إِلَى(ʾilā)) to be favorably disposed towards
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “مال”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 225
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “مال”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1174
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “مال”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[2], London: W.H. Allen, page 1089
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “مال”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 1239

Laki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Persian ماندن(mândan, to stay, remain).

Noun[edit]

مال (mal)

  1. house

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَال(māl). The pronominal use is also found in Iraqi Arabic, hence it may have entered Persian through dialectal Arabic or it may be a Persian influence on the former.

Noun[edit]

مال (mâl) (plural اموال(amvâl) or مال‌ها(mâl-hâ))

  1. property
    اون سگ بزرگ مال توست؟
    un sag-e bozorg mâl-e to-st?
    Is that big dog yours?
    این کتاب مال من نیست.
    in ketâb mâl-e man nist.
    This book isn't mine.
  2. wealth
  3. money
  4. assets

Usage notes[edit]

As seen in example sentences above, in the sense of "property", this noun can be used with ezâfe to approximate the English possessive pronouns. For example, "mine" would be rendered مال من (mâl-e man) and "yours" as مال تو (mâl-e to).

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian مال‎, from Arabic مَال(māl).

Noun[edit]

مال (mālm (Hindi spelling माल)

  1. property, possessions, goods
  2. wealth
  3. fortune, estate
  4. merchandise, stock
  5. money
  6. income, revenue
  7. finance
  8. prize
  9. assets, capital, fund
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit मल्ल (malla).

Noun[edit]

مال (mālm (Hindi spelling माल)

  1. wrestler
  2. boxer
  3. prizefighter
  4. athlete
  5. champion
  6. hero

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit माल्य (mālya) or माला (mālā).

Noun[edit]

مال (mālf (Hindi spelling माल)

  1. wreath
  2. garland