مطر

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root م ط ر (m-ṭ-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

مَطَرَ (maṭara) I, non-past يَمْطُرُ‎ (yamṭuru)

  1. to rain, to shower with rain
  2. to pour out, to shower, to douse
  3. to render, to do (e.g., a favor)
  4. to run swiftly (of a horse), to speed away
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root م ط ر (m-ṭ-r), cognate with Hebrew מָטָר (maṭar, rain), Classical Syriac ܡܛܪܐ (maṭar, rain), Ugaritic 𐎎𐎉𐎗 (mṭr), Arabic مَطَر (maṭar, rain). Akkadian [script needed] (miṭru) appears only in Ras Shamra and is borrowed.

Noun[edit]

مَطَر (maṭarm (plural أَمْطَار (ʾamṭār))

  1. verbal noun of مَطَرَ (maṭara) (form I)
  2. rain
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

مَطِر (maṭir) (feminine مَطِرَة (maṭira))

  1. rainy
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

مَطْر (maṭrm

  1. verbal noun of مَطَرَ (maṭara) (form I)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Brown, John Pairman (2000) Israel and Hellas (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft; 276), volume II, Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, page 71
  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “مطر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 189
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “مطر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1122
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “مطر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, page 1018
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “مطر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN