مڠ-

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Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *mAŋ-, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *maŋ-, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *maŋ-, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *maŋ-, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *maŋ-, from Proto-Austronesian *maŋ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (before IPA(key): /l/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/, /ɲ/, /r/, /w/, /y/) IPA(key): /mə/
  • (before IPA(key): /b/, /p/, /f/) IPA(key): /məm/
  • (before IPA(key): /t͡ʃ/, /d/, /d͡ʒ/, /t/, /z/) IPA(key): /mən/
  • (before IPA(key): /ɡ/, /h/, /k/, vowels) IPA(key): /məŋ/
  • (before IPA(key): /s/) IPA(key): /məɲ/
  • (before monosyllabic roots) IPA(key): /məŋə/

Prefix[edit]

مڠ-‎ (Rumi spelling meng-or menge-‎)

  1. agent focus, frequently but erroneously called "active voice", for AVO word order.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (before ل, م, ن, ڠ, ڽ, ر, و and ي) مڠ- will be written as م-.
  • (before ب and ف) مڠ- will be written as مم-.
  • (before ڤ and rarely ف) مڠ- will be written as مم- and will require the removal of the first ڤ or ف.
  • (before چ, د, ج and ز) مڠ- will be written as من-.
  • (before ت) مڠ- will be written as من- and will require the removal of the first ت.
  • (before ݢ and ه) مڠ- remains written as مڠ-.
  • (before ک) مڠ- remains written as مڠ- and will require the removal of the first ک.
  • (before س) مڠ- will be written as مڽ- and will require the removal of the first س.
  • (before monosyllabic roots) مڠ- remains written as مڠ-.