نوشتن

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See also: نوسبن

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian npštn' (nibištan, to write), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ní (downwards, into) + Middle Persian *pištan-, the latter from Old Persian *pi⁽ⁿ⁾θ-, from Proto-Iranian *pais- (to adorn, paint, write), from Proto-Indo-European *peyḱ- (to cut out; to stitch; to paint, mark).[1] Doublet of نِبی (nibī, scripture), and cognate with Russian написать (napisatʹ, to write) and English paint, picture.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? nawištan, niwištan
Dari reading? nawištan
Iranian reading? neveštan
Tajik reading? navištan

Verb[edit]

Dari نوشتن
Iranian Persian
Tajik навиштан

نِوِشْتَن (neveštan) (present stem نویس (navis, nevis))[3]

  1. to write

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 291
  2. ^ Nourai, Ali (2011) An Etymological Dictionary of Persian, English and other Indo-European Languages, pages 335; 356
  3. ^ MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “nibištan”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 59