وصية

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root و ص ي(w-ṣ-y). Related to צ־ו־ה(ṣ-w-_) through metathesis of the first two root consonants, specifically מצווה \ מִצְוָה(miṣwā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /wa.sˤij.ja/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

وَصِيَّة (waṣiyyaf (plural وَصِيَّات(waṣiyyāt) or وَصَايَا(waṣāyā))

  1. will, bequest
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 4:12:
      [] فَإِنْ كَانُوا أَكْثَرَ مِن ذَٰلِكَ فَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ فِي ٱلثُّلُثِ مِنْ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصَى بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ غَيْرَ مُضَارٍّ []
      [] faʾin kānū ʾakṯara min ḏālika fahum šurakāʾu fī ṯ-ṯuluṯi min baʿdi waṣiyyatin yūṣā bihā ʾaw daynin ḡayra muḍārrin []
      But if they are more than two, they share a third, after any bequest which was made or debt, as long as there is no detriment [caused]. []
  2. commandment, ordinance
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 4:12:
      [] وَصِيَّةً مِنَ ٱللّٰهِ وَٱللّٰهُ عَلِيمٌ حَلِيمٌ
      [] waṣiyyatan mina llāhi wal-lāhu ʿalīmun ḥalīmun
      [] [This is] an ordinance from Allah, and Allah is Knowing and Forbearing.
    • 1865 CE, Bible (SVD), Book of Exodus, 15:26:
      فَقَالَ: «إِنْ كُنْتَ تَسْمَعُ لِصَوْتِ الرَّبِّ إِلٰهِكَ، وَتَصْنَعُ الْحَقَّ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ، وَتَصْغَى إِلَى وَصَايَاهُ وَتَحْفَظُ جَمِيعَ فَرَائِضِهِ، فَمَرَضًا مَا مِمَّا وَضَعْتُهُ عَلَى الْمِصْرِيِّينَ لَا أَضَعُ عَلَيْكَ. فَإِنِّي أَنَا الرَّبُّ شَافِيكَ».‎‎
      faqāla: “ʾin kunta tasmaʿu liṣawti r-rabbi ʾilāhika, wataṣnaʿu l-ḥaqqa fī ʿaynayhi, wataṣḡā ʾilā waṣāyāhu wataḥfaẓu jamīʿa farāʾiḍihi, famaraḍan mā mimmā waḍaʿtuhu ʿalā l-miṣriyyīna lā ʾaḍaʿu ʿalayka. faʾinnī ʾanā r-rabbu šāfīka”.
      And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.

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