پروانه

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See also: پروانہ

Persian[edit]

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یه پروانه

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian plwʾnk' (parwānag, guide, leader). Compare فرانه(farâne), فرانک(farânak). For the sense “caracal”, see Iranica.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian پروانه
Iranian Persian
Tajik парвона (parvona)

پروانه (parvâne) (plural پروانه‌ها(parvâne-hâ))

  1. (obsolete) guide, leader
    Synonyms: رهبر(rahbar), راهنما(râhnamâ), دلیل(dalīl), قلاوز(qulâvuz)
  2. butterfly
  3. (literary) caracal, Persian lynx
  4. propeller
  5. license (US) or licence, certificate, permission, permit

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

پروانه (parvâne)

  1. A female given name, Parvaneh, from Middle Persian.

References[edit]

  • Hūšang Aʿlam (1990-12-15) , “Carcal”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York