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Classical Syriac[edit]


From Proto-Semitic *ʾaḫ-.


  • IPA(key): [ʔăħɑ] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔăħe] (plural)


ܐܚܐ (ʾăḥāʾm (plural ܐܚܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܚܬܐ)

  1. brother
  2. (in the plural) siblings
  3. kinsman, friend, companion
  4. peer, colleague, associate
  5. neighbor/neighbour
  6. monk, friar

Usage notes[edit]

The word ܐܚܐ is one of only three nouns in the entire language that have an irregular possessive stem ending in the letter Waw; the other two being ܐܒܐ (ʾăḇāʾ, father) and ܚܡܐ (ḥəmāʾ, father-in-law).


Derived terms[edit]


  • )x”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-06-15
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 5a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 9b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 25a