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Classical Syriac[edit]


From Proto-Semitic *ʾaḫ-.


  • IPA(key): [ʔaħħɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔaħħe(ʔ)] (plural)


ܐܚܐ ‎(transliteration neededm ‎(plural ܐܚܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܚܬܐ)

  1. brother
  2. (in the plural) siblings
  3. kinsman, friend, companion
  4. peer, colleague, associate
  5. neighbor/neighbour
  6. monk, friar


Usage notes[edit]

The word ܐܚܐ is one of only three nouns in the entire language that have an irregular possessive stem ending in the letter Waw; the other two being ܐܒܐ ‎(ʾaḇāʾ, father) and ܚܡܐ ‎(ḥəmāʾ, father-in-law).

Derived terms[edit]


  • ")x" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 5a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 9b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 25a