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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܛ-ܘ-ܒ (ṭ-w-b) related to being good. Compare Arabic طِيب (ṭīb) and Hebrew טוּב (ṭûḇ).


  • IPA(key): [tˁuvɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [tˁuve(ʔ)] (plural)


ܛܘܒܐ (ṭūḇām (plural ܛܘܒܐ)

  1. good, goodness, good things
  2. glory
  3. fruits, produce
  4. resources, products
  5. income, wealth
  6. (in the plural) blessings
  7. blessedness, happiness, bliss
  8. beatitude



  • Twb”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 123b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 168a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 514a