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Classical Syriac[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]


From the root ܢ-ܗ-ܪ (n-h-r). Compare Akkadian 𒀀𒇉 (nāru), Arabic نَهْر (nahr), Hebrew נָהָר (nāhār), and Ugaritic 𐎐𐎅𐎗 (nhr).


  • IPA(key): [nahrɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [nahre(ʔ)], [nahrawwɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܢܗܪܐ (nahrā’m (plural ܢܗܪܘܬܐ or ܢܗܪܐ)

  1. river, stream
  2. branch of a river
  3. canal

Usage notes[edit]

Usually, the plural ܢܗܪܐ (nahrē(ʾ)) is a paucal plural (from two to ten) while the plural ܢܗܪܘܬܐ (nahrawwāṯā(ʾ)) is a multiple plural (eleven or more).


Derived terms[edit]


  • nhr”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 198b
  • Jastrow, Marcus (1903) A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, London, New York: Luzac & Co., G.P. Putnam's Sons
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 330a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 894b