अर्थ

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Hindi

Etymology

Borrowed from Sanskrit अर्थ (ártha).

Pronunciation

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /əɾt̪ʰ/

Noun

अर्थ (arthm (Urdu spelling ارتھ‎)

  1. meaning, purport
    इस शब्द के कई अर्थ हैं।is śabd ke kaī arth ha͠i.This word has several meanings.
  2. sense
    अब जाने का कोई अर्थ नहीं है।
    ab jāne kā koī arth nahī̃ hai.
    There is no sense in going now.
  3. (in compounds) wealth, prosperity
    चोरी करने का अर्थदंड बहुत ऊँचा है।
    corī karne kā arthadaṇḍ bahut ū̃cā hai.
    The fine (lit. money-penalty) for stealing is very high.

Declension

Derived terms

Synonyms

References


Marathi

Etymology

Borrowed from Sanskrit अर्थ (ártha).

Pronunciation

Noun

अर्थ (artham

  1. meaning, significance
  2. intention, aim
  3. substance, money, wealth, property

References

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “अर्थ”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas, “अर्थ”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press, 1857.

Nepali

Etymology

Borrowed from Sanskrit अर्थ (ártha).

Pronunciation

Noun

अर्थ (artha)

  1. meaning, purport
  2. wealth, prosperity
  3. sense

References

  • अर्थ”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (Nepālī Br̥hat Śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018

Sanskrit

Alternative scripts

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hártʰam (matter, object, purpose), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ert-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬚𐬀(arəθa).

Pronunciation

Noun

अर्थ (artham

  1. aim, purpose, meaning
  2. advantage
  3. profit
  4. prosperity
  5. interest
  6. money, wealth

Declension

Masculine a-stem declension of अर्थ (artha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अर्थः
arthaḥ
अर्थौ
arthau
अर्थाः / अर्थासः¹
arthāḥ / arthāsaḥ¹
Vocative अर्थ
artha
अर्थौ
arthau
अर्थाः / अर्थासः¹
arthāḥ / arthāsaḥ¹
Accusative अर्थम्
artham
अर्थौ
arthau
अर्थान्
arthān
Instrumental अर्थेन
arthena
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थैः / अर्थेभिः¹
arthaiḥ / arthebhiḥ¹
Dative अर्थाय
arthāya
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
arthebhyaḥ
Ablative अर्थात्
arthāt
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
arthebhyaḥ
Genitive अर्थस्य
arthasya
अर्थयोः
arthayoḥ
अर्थानाम्
arthānām
Locative अर्थे
arthe
अर्थयोः
arthayoḥ
अर्थेषु
artheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants

References

  • अ॑र्थ” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 41, column 2.
  • Macdonell, Arthur Anthony, “अर्थ”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 027.
  • Monier Williams (1899) , “अर्थ”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 90, column 2.