अर्थ

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit अर्थ (ártha).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अर्थ (arthm (Urdu spelling ارتھ)

  1. meaning, purport
    इस शब्द के कई अर्थ हैं
    is śabd ke kaī arth hain.
    This word has several meanings.
  2. sense
    अब जाने का कोई अर्थ नहीं है
    ab jāne kā koī arth nahī̃ hai.
    There is no sense in going now.
  3. (in compounds) wealth, prosperity
    चोर करने के अर्थ-दण्ड बहुत ऊँचा है
    cor karne ke arth-daṇḍ bahut ū̃cā hai.
    The fine (lit. money-penalty) for stealing is very high.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “अर्थ”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit अर्थ (ártha).

Noun[edit]

अर्थ (arthm

  1. meaning, significance
  2. intention, aim
  3. substance, money, wealth, property

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “अर्थ”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “अर्थ”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit अर्थ (ártha).

Noun[edit]

अर्थ (arth)

  1. meaning, purport, sense

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hártʰam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hártʰam, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ert-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬚𐬀 (arəθa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

अर्थ (ártham

  1. aim, purpose, meaning
  2. advantage
  3. profit
  4. prosperity
  5. interest
  6. money, wealth

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of अर्थ (ártha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अर्थः
árthaḥ
अर्थौ
árthau
अर्थाः / अर्थासः¹
árthāḥ / árthāsaḥ¹
Vocative अर्थ
ártha
अर्थौ
árthau
अर्थाः / अर्थासः¹
árthāḥ / árthāsaḥ¹
Accusative अर्थम्
ártham
अर्थौ
árthau
अर्थान्
árthān
Instrumental अर्थेन
árthena
अर्थाभ्याम्
árthābhyām
अर्थैः / अर्थेभिः¹
árthaiḥ / árthebhiḥ¹
Dative अर्थाय
árthāya
अर्थाभ्याम्
árthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
árthebhyaḥ
Ablative अर्थात्
árthāt
अर्थाभ्याम्
árthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
árthebhyaḥ
Genitive अर्थस्य
árthasya
अर्थयोः
árthayoḥ
अर्थानाम्
árthānām
Locative अर्थे
árthe
अर्थयोः
árthayoḥ
अर्थेषु
ártheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of अर्थ (ártha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अर्थम्
ártham
अर्थे
árthe
अर्थानि / अर्था¹
árthāni / árthā¹
Vocative अर्थ
ártha
अर्थे
árthe
अर्थानि / अर्था¹
árthāni / árthā¹
Accusative अर्थम्
ártham
अर्थे
árthe
अर्थानि / अर्था¹
árthāni / árthā¹
Instrumental अर्थेन
árthena
अर्थाभ्याम्
árthābhyām
अर्थैः / अर्थेभिः¹
árthaiḥ / árthebhiḥ¹
Dative अर्थाय
árthāya
अर्थाभ्याम्
árthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
árthebhyaḥ
Ablative अर्थात्
árthāt
अर्थाभ्याम्
árthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
árthebhyaḥ
Genitive अर्थस्य
árthasya
अर्थयोः
árthayoḥ
अर्थानाम्
árthānām
Locative अर्थे
árthe
अर्थयोः
árthayoḥ
अर्थेषु
ártheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • अ॑र्थ” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 41, column 2.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 027
  • Monier Williams (1899), “अर्थ”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 90, column 2.