अर्थ

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See also: अर्थ्

Hindi

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit अर्थ (artha).

Pronunciation

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /əɾt̪ʰ/, [ɐɾt̪ʰ]
  • Hyphenation: अर्थ
  • Rhymes: -əɾt̪ʰ

Noun

अर्थ (arthm (Urdu spellingاَرتھ⁩)

  1. meaning, purport
    Synonym: मतलब (matlab)
    इस शब्द के कई अर्थ हैं।is śabd ke kaī arth ha͠i.This word has several meanings.
  2. sense
    अब जाने का कोई अर्थ नहीं है।
    ab jāne kā koī arth nahī̃ hai.
    There is no sense in going now.
  3. (in compounds) wealth, prosperity
    चोरी करने का अर्थदंड बहुत ऊँचा है।
    corī karne kā arthadaṇḍ bahut ū̃cā hai.
    The fine (lit. money-penalty) for stealing is very high.

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

Konkani

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit अर्थ (artha).

Noun

अर्थ (artha) (Latin script ?, Kannada script ?)

  1. meaning, sense

Marathi

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit अर्थ (artha).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /əɾ.t̪ʰə/
  • Hyphenation: अर्‧थ, अर्थ
  • Rhymes:

Noun

अर्थ (artham

  1. meaning, significance
    या शब्दाचा अर्थ काय?
    yā śabdācā artha kāy?
    What is the meaning of this word?
  2. intention, aim
    Synonym: हेतू (hetū)
  3. substance, money, wealth, property
    Synonyms: पैसा (paisā), वित्त (vitta)

Declension

Declension of अर्थ (masc cons-stem)
direct
singular
अर्थ
artha
direct
plural
अर्थ
artha
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
अर्थ
artha
अर्थ
artha
oblique
सामान्यरूप
अर्था
arthā
अर्थां-
arthān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
अर्थाला
arthālā
अर्थांना
arthānnā
ergative अर्थाने, अर्थानं
arthāne, arthāna
अर्थांनी
arthānnī
instrumental अर्थाशी
arthāśī
अर्थांशी
arthānśī
locative
सप्तमी
अर्थात
arthāt
अर्थांत
arthāt
vocative
संबोधन
अर्था
arthā
अर्थांनो
arthānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of अर्थ (masc cons-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
अर्थाचा
arthāċā
अर्थाचे
arthāċe
अर्थाची
arthācī
अर्थाच्या
arthācā
अर्थाचे, अर्थाचं
arthāċe, arthāċa
अर्थाची
arthācī
अर्थाच्या
arthācā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
अर्थांचा
arthānċā
अर्थांचे
arthānċe
अर्थांची
arthāñcī
अर्थांच्या
arthāncā
अर्थांचे, अर्थांचं
arthānċe, arthānċa
अर्थांची
arthāñcī
अर्थांच्या
arthāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

Derived terms

Further reading

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “अर्थ”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “अर्थ”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Shridhar Ganesh Vaze (1911), “अर्थ”, in The Aryabhusan School Dictionary, Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press

Nepali

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit अर्थ (artha).

Pronunciation

Noun

अर्थ (artha)

  1. meaning, purport
  2. wealth, prosperity
  3. sense

Further reading

  • अर्थ”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (nepālī br̥hat śabdakoś) [Comprehensive Nepali Dictionary], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018

Sanskrit

Alternative scripts

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hártʰam (matter, object, purpose), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ert-. Cognate with Avestan𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬚𐬀(arəθa).

Pronunciation

Noun

अर्थ (ártha) stemm or n

  1. aim, purpose, meaning
  2. advantage, use, utility
  3. profit
  4. prosperity
  5. interest
  6. thing, object
  7. money, wealth, property, opulence, substance
  8. affair, concern
  9. (in law) lawsuit, action
  10. sense, notion
  11. manner, kind
  12. price

Declension

Masculine a-stem declension of अर्थ (artha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अर्थः
arthaḥ
अर्थौ / अर्था¹
arthau / arthā¹
अर्थाः / अर्थासः¹
arthāḥ / arthāsaḥ¹
Vocative अर्थ
artha
अर्थौ / अर्था¹
arthau / arthā¹
अर्थाः / अर्थासः¹
arthāḥ / arthāsaḥ¹
Accusative अर्थम्
artham
अर्थौ / अर्था¹
arthau / arthā¹
अर्थान्
arthān
Instrumental अर्थेन
arthena
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थैः / अर्थेभिः¹
arthaiḥ / arthebhiḥ¹
Dative अर्थाय
arthāya
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
arthebhyaḥ
Ablative अर्थात्
arthāt
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
arthebhyaḥ
Genitive अर्थस्य
arthasya
अर्थयोः
arthayoḥ
अर्थानाम्
arthānām
Locative अर्थे
arthe
अर्थयोः
arthayoḥ
अर्थेषु
artheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of अर्थ (artha)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अर्थम्
artham
अर्थे
arthe
अर्थानि / अर्था¹
arthāni / arthā¹
Vocative अर्थ
artha
अर्थे
arthe
अर्थानि / अर्था¹
arthāni / arthā¹
Accusative अर्थम्
artham
अर्थे
arthe
अर्थानि / अर्था¹
arthāni / arthā¹
Instrumental अर्थेन
arthena
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थैः / अर्थेभिः¹
arthaiḥ / arthebhiḥ¹
Dative अर्थाय
arthāya
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
arthebhyaḥ
Ablative अर्थात्
arthāt
अर्थाभ्याम्
arthābhyām
अर्थेभ्यः
arthebhyaḥ
Genitive अर्थस्य
arthasya
अर्थयोः
arthayoḥ
अर्थानाम्
arthānām
Locative अर्थे
arthe
अर्थयोः
arthayoḥ
अर्थेषु
artheṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants

References

  • अ॑र्थ” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 41, column 2.
  • Arthur Anthony Macdonell (1893), “अर्थ”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, page 027
  • Monier Williams (1899), “अर्थ”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 90, column 2.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 117