ऋतु

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See also: ऋत

Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ऋतु (ṛtú). Doublet of रुत (rut), a tadbhava.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɾɪ.t̪uː/

Noun[edit]

ऋतु (ŕtuf (Urdu spelling رتو‎)

  1. season
    Synonyms: मौसम (mausam), रुत (rut)
    पपीहा वर्षा ऋतु में सदा गाता है
    papīhā varṣā ŕtu mẽ sadā gātā hai.
    The cuckoo always sings during the rainy season.
    भारत में छह ऋतुएँ होती हैं
    bhārat mẽ chah ŕtuẽ hotī ha͠i.
    There are six seasons in India.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hr̥túš (fixed period of time, season), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥-tú-s, from *h₂er- (to fit, fix). Cognate with Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬙𐬎(ratu, period of time), Ancient Greek ἀρτύς (artús, bond), Old Armenian արդ (ard), Latin artus (joint).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ऋतु (ṛtúm

  1. any settled point of time, fixed time, time appointed for any action (especially for sacrifices and other regular worship), right or fit time
  2. an epoch, period (especially a division or part of the year), season
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.53.7:
      आगन्देव ऋतुभिर्वर्धतु क्षयं दधातु नः सविता सुप्रजामिषम् ।
      स नः क्षपाभिरहभिश्च जिन्वतु प्रजावन्तं रयिमस्मे समिन्वतु ॥
      āgandeva ṛtubhirvardhatu kṣayaṃ dadhātu naḥ savitā suprajāmiṣam .
      sa naḥ kṣapābhirahabhiśca jinvatu prajāvantaṃ rayimasme saminvatu .
      With the year's seasons hath Savitar, God, come nigh: may he prosper our home, give food and noble sons.
      May he invigorate us through the days and nights, and may he send us opulence with progeny.
  3. fixed order, order, rule
  4. the menstrual discharge (in women), the time after the courses (favourable for procreation; according to Bhāvaprakāśa sixteen days after their appearance)
  5. sexual union at the above time

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of ऋतु (ṛtú)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋतुः
ṛtúḥ
ऋतू
ṛtū́
ऋतवः
ṛtávaḥ
Vocative ऋतो
ṛ́to
ऋतू
ṛ́tū
ऋतवः
ṛ́tavaḥ
Accusative ऋतुम्
ṛtúm
ऋतू
ṛtū́
ऋतून्
ṛtū́n
Instrumental ऋतुना / ऋत्वा¹
ṛtúnā / ṛtvā̀¹
ऋतुभ्याम्
ṛtúbhyām
ऋतुभिः
ṛtúbhiḥ
Dative ऋतवे / ऋत्वे²
ṛtáve / ṛtvè²
ऋतुभ्याम्
ṛtúbhyām
ऋतुभ्यः
ṛtúbhyaḥ
Ablative ऋतोः / ऋत्वः²
ṛtóḥ / ṛtvàḥ²
ऋतुभ्याम्
ṛtúbhyām
ऋतुभ्यः
ṛtúbhyaḥ
Genitive ऋतोः / ऋत्वः²
ṛtóḥ / ṛtvàḥ²
ऋत्वोः
ṛtvóḥ
ऋतूनाम्
ṛtūnā́m
Locative ऋतौ
ṛtaú
ऋत्वोः
ṛtvóḥ
ऋतुषु
ṛtúṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]

  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀉𑀉 (uu)
  • Paisaci Prakrit: [Term?]
  • Pali: utu

Borrowed terms[edit]

References[edit]