ऋतु

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See also: ऋत

Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ऋतु (ṛtú), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥-tu-, *h₂r̥-ti-, based on *h₂er- (to fix, put together).

Noun[edit]

ऋतु (ŕtum, f (Urdu spelling رتو)

  1. season
    Synonyms: मौसम (mausam), रुत (rut)
    पपीहा वर्षा ऋतु में सदा गाता है
    papīhā varṣā ŕtu mẽ sadā gātā hai.
    The cuckoo always sings during the rainy season.
    भारत में छह ऋतुएँ होती हैं
    bhārat mẽ chah ŕtuẽ hotī hain.
    There are six seasons in India.

Declension[edit]

Declension of ऋतु
Singular Plural
Direct ऋतु (ŕtu) ऋतु (ŕtu)
Oblique ऋतु (ŕtu) ऋतुओं (ŕtuon)
Vocative ऋतु (ŕtu) ऋतुओ (ŕtuo)
Declension of ऋतु
Singular Plural
Direct ऋतु (ŕtu) ऋतुएँ (ŕtuẽ)
Oblique ऋतु (ŕtu) ऋतुओं (ŕtuon)
Vocative ऋतु (ŕtu) ऋतुओ (ŕtuo)

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “ऋतु”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “ऋतु”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hr̥túṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hr̥túš, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥-tús, from *h₂er- (to fit, fix). Cognate with Old Armenian արդ (ard), Latin artus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ऋतु (ṛtúm

  1. any settled point of time, fixed time, time appointed for any action (especially for sacrifices and other regular worship), right or fit time
  2. an epoch, period (especially a division or part of the year), season (the number of the divisions of the year is in ancient times, three, five, six, seven, twelve, thirteen, and twenty-four; in later time six seasons are enumerated, namely वसन्त (vasanta, spring), ग्रीष्म (grīṣma, the hot season), वर्षा (varṣā, the rainy season), शरद् (śarad, autumn), हेमन्त (hemanta, winter) and शिशिर (śiśira, the cool season); the seasons are not unfrequently personified, addressed in mantras, and worshipped by libations)
  3. symbolical expression for the number six
  4. the menstrual discharge (in women), the time after the courses (favourable for procreation; according to Bhāvaprakāśa sixteen days after their appearance)
  5. sexual union at the above time
  6. fixed order, order, rule
  7. light, splendour
  8. a particular mineral
  9. name of a rishi
  10. name of the twelfth manu

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of ऋतु (ṛtú)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ऋतुः
ṛtúḥ
ऋतू
ṛtū́
ऋतवः
ṛtávaḥ
Vocative ऋतो
ṛ́to
ऋतू
ṛ́tū
ऋतवः
ṛ́tavaḥ
Accusative ऋतुम्
ṛtúm
ऋतू
ṛtū́
ऋतून्
ṛtū́n
Instrumental ऋतुना / ऋत्वा¹
ṛtúnā / ṛtvā̀¹
ऋतुभ्याम्
ṛtúbhyām
ऋतुभिः
ṛtúbhiḥ
Dative ऋतवे / ऋत्वे²
ṛtáve / ṛtvè²
ऋतुभ्याम्
ṛtúbhyām
ऋतुभ्यः
ṛtúbhyaḥ
Ablative ऋतोः / ऋत्वः²
ṛtóḥ / ṛtvàḥ²
ऋतुभ्याम्
ṛtúbhyām
ऋतुभ्यः
ṛtúbhyaḥ
Genitive ऋतोः / ऋत्वः²
ṛtóḥ / ṛtvàḥ²
ऋत्वोः
ṛtvóḥ
ऋतूनाम्
ṛtūnā́m
Locative ऋतौ
ṛtaú
ऋत्वोः
ṛtvóḥ
ऋतुषु
ṛtúṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]