ऋषभ

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hr̥ṣabʰás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hr̥šabʰás, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥s- (male, manly, strong powerful). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬱𐬀𐬥 (arəšan), Ancient Greek ἄρσην (ársēn), Old Armenian առն (aṙn), Latin verrēs (boar).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /r̩.ʂɐ.bʱɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈr̩.ʂɐ.bʱɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    ऋषभ (ṛṣabhám

    1. bull
      Synonym: उक्षन् (ukṣán)
    2. a male animal of any kind
    3. the best, excellent and the most powerful of any kind or race

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of ऋषभ (ṛṣabhá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative ऋषभः
    ṛṣabháḥ
    ऋषभौ
    ṛṣabhaú
    ऋषभाः / ऋषभासः¹
    ṛṣabhā́ḥ / ṛṣabhā́saḥ¹
    Vocative ऋषभ
    ṛ́ṣabha
    ऋषभौ
    ṛ́ṣabhau
    ऋषभाः / ऋषभासः¹
    ṛ́ṣabhāḥ / ṛ́ṣabhāsaḥ¹
    Accusative ऋषभम्
    ṛṣabhám
    ऋषभौ
    ṛṣabhaú
    ऋषभान्
    ṛṣabhā́n
    Instrumental ऋषभेण
    ṛṣabhéṇa
    ऋषभाभ्याम्
    ṛṣabhā́bhyām
    ऋषभैः / ऋषभेभिः¹
    ṛṣabhaíḥ / ṛṣabhébhiḥ¹
    Dative ऋषभाय
    ṛṣabhā́ya
    ऋषभाभ्याम्
    ṛṣabhā́bhyām
    ऋषभेभ्यः
    ṛṣabhébhyaḥ
    Ablative ऋषभात्
    ṛṣabhā́t
    ऋषभाभ्याम्
    ṛṣabhā́bhyām
    ऋषभेभ्यः
    ṛṣabhébhyaḥ
    Genitive ऋषभस्य
    ṛṣabhásya
    ऋषभयोः
    ṛṣabháyoḥ
    ऋषभाणाम्
    ṛṣabhā́ṇām
    Locative ऋषभे
    ṛṣabhé
    ऋषभयोः
    ṛṣabháyoḥ
    ऋषभेषु
    ṛṣabhéṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]