ओष्ठ

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃éh₁os (mouth). Cognate with Old Church Slavonic оуста (usta), Latin ōs, Hittite 𒀀𒄿𒅖. See also आस् (ā́s, mouth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ओष्ठ (óṣṭham

  1. lip (generally in dual)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.39.6
      ओष्ठाविव मध्वास्ने वदन्ता स्तनाविव पिप्यतं जीवसे नः।
      नासेव नस्तन्वो रक्षितारा कर्णाविव सुश्रुता भूतमस्मे॥
      oṣṭhāviva madhvāsne vadantā stanāviva pipyataṃ jīvase naḥ.
      nāseva nastanvo rakṣitārā karṇāviva suśrutā bhūtamasme.
      Even as two lips that with the mouth speak honey, even as two breasts that nourish our existence,
      Like the two nostrils that protect our being, be to us as our ears that hear distinctly.
  2. the forepart of an Agnikuṇḍa

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of ओष्ठ
Nom. sg. ओष्ठः (oṣṭhaḥ)
Gen. sg. ओष्ठस्य (oṣṭhasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ओष्ठः (oṣṭhaḥ) ओष्ठौ (oṣṭhau) ओष्ठाः (oṣṭhāḥ)
Vocative ओष्ठ (oṣṭha) ओष्ठौ (oṣṭhau) ओष्ठाः (oṣṭhāḥ)
Accusative ओष्ठम् (oṣṭham) ओष्ठौ (oṣṭhau) ओष्ठान् (oṣṭhān)
Instrumental ओष्ठेन (oṣṭhena) ओष्ठाभ्याम् (oṣṭhābhyām) ओष्ठैः (oṣṭhaiḥ)
Dative ओष्ठाय (oṣṭhāya) ओष्ठाभ्याम् (oṣṭhābhyām) ओष्ठेभ्यः (oṣṭhebhyaḥ)
Ablative ओष्ठात् (oṣṭhāt) ओष्ठाभ्याम् (oṣṭhābhyām) ओष्ठेभ्यः (oṣṭhebhyaḥ)
Genitive ओष्ठस्य (oṣṭhasya) ओष्ठयोः (oṣṭhayoḥ) ओष्ठानाम् (oṣṭhānām)
Locative ओष्ठे (oṣṭhe) ओष्ठयोः (oṣṭhayoḥ) ओष्ठेषु (oṣṭheṣu)

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

Coccinia grandis in fruit

ओष्ठ (oṣṭhaf

  1. (botany) Coccinia grandis (to whose red fruits lips are commonly compared)

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 236