गण

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Hindi[edit]

Noun[edit]

गण (gaṇm

  1. set theory

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

गण m

  1. Devanagari script form of gaṇa

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From गण् (gaṇ), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ger- (to assemble, gather together). Cognates include Ancient Greek ᾰ̓γών (agṓn) and ᾰ̓γορᾱ́ (agorā́), and Latin grex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

गण (gaṇám

  1. a flock, troop, multitude, number, tribe, series, class (of animate or inanimate beings), body of followers or attendants.
  2. (Hinduism) troops or classes of inferior deities (especially certain troops of demi-gods considered as Shiva's attendants and under the special superintendence of the god Ganesha).
  3. a company, any assemblage or association of men formed for the attainment of the same aims.
  4. a small body of troops (= 3 गुल्मs or 27 chariots and as many elephants, 81 horses, and 135 foot).
  5. (astronomy) a series or group of asterisms or lunar mansions classed under three heads (that of the gods, that of the men, and that of the राक्षसs).
  6. (arithmetic) a number.
  7. (grammar) a series of roots or words following the same rule and called after the first word of the series (e.g. अद्-आदि, the g. अद् &c. or the whole series of roots of the 2nd class ; गर्गादि, the g. गर्ग &c. or the series of words commencing with गर्ग)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of गण (gaṇá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गणः
gaṇáḥ
गणौ
gaṇaú
गणाः / गणासः¹
gaṇā́ḥ / gaṇā́saḥ¹
Vocative गण
gáṇa
गणौ
gáṇau
गणाः / गणासः¹
gáṇāḥ / gáṇāsaḥ¹
Accusative गणम्
gaṇám
गणौ
gaṇaú
गणान्
gaṇā́n
Instrumental गणेन
gaṇéna
गणाभ्याम्
gaṇā́bhyām
गणैः / गणेभिः¹
gaṇaíḥ / gaṇébhiḥ¹
Dative गणाय
gaṇā́ya
गणाभ्याम्
gaṇā́bhyām
गणेभ्यः
gaṇébhyaḥ
Ablative गणात्
gaṇā́t
गणाभ्याम्
gaṇā́bhyām
गणेभ्यः
gaṇébhyaḥ
Genitive गणस्य
gaṇásya
गणयोः
gaṇáyoḥ
गणानाम्
gaṇā́nām
Locative गणे
gaṇé
गणयोः
gaṇáyoḥ
गणेषु
gaṇéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]