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गण (gaṇm

  1. set theory



From गण् (gaṇ)


गण (gaṇam

  1. a flock, troop, multitude, number, tribe, series, class (of animate or inanimate beings), body of followers or attendants.
  2. (Hinduism) troops or classes of inferior deities (especially certain troops of demi-gods considered as Shiva's attendants and under the special superintendence of the god Ganesha).
  3. a company, any assemblage or association of men formed for the attainment of the same aims.
  4. a small body of troops (= 3 गुल्मs or 27 chariots and as many elephants, 81 horses, and 135 foot).
  5. (astronomy) a series or group of asterisms or lunar mansions classed under three heads (that of the gods, that of the men, and that of the राक्षसs).
  6. (arithmetic) a number.
  7. (grammar) a series of roots or words following the same rule and called after the first word of the series (e.g. अद्-आदि, the g. अद् &c. or the whole series of roots of the 2nd class ; गर्गादि, the g. गर्ग &c. or the series of words commencing with गर्ग)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0343