गुरु

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit गुरु (guru), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

गुरु (guru)

  1. heavy
    Synonyms: भारी (bhārī)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

गुरु (gurum

  1. guru, teacher, sage
  2. (astronomy) Jupiter
  3. (slang, sarcastic) a smartass

Declension[edit]

Declension of गुरु
singular plural
direct गुरु (guru) गुरु (guru)
oblique गुरु (guru) गुरुओं (guruon)
vocative गुरु (guru) गुरुओ (guruo)

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

गुरु (guru)

  1. teacher

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us. Cognate with Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús), Persian گران (gerân), Latin gravis.

Adjective[edit]

गुरु (gurú)

  1. heavy, weighty
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.5.6
      इदं मे अग्ने कियते पावकामिनते गुरुं भारं न मन्म।
      बृहद्दधाथ धृषता गभीरं यह्वं पृष्ठं प्रयसा सप्तधातु॥
      idaṃ me agne kiyate pāvakāminate guruṃ bhāraṃ na manma.
      bṛhaddadhātha dhṛṣatā gabhīraṃ yahvaṃ pṛṣṭhaṃ prayasā saptadhātu.
      To me, weak, innocent, thou, luminous Agni, hast boldly given as ’twere a heavy burthen,
      This Pṛṣṭha hymn, profound and strong and mighty, of seven elements, and with offered dainties.
  2. heavy in the stomach (food), difficult to digest
  3. great, large, extended, long
  4. (in prosody) long by nature or position (a vowel)
  5. high in degree, vehement, violent, excessive, difficult, hard
  6. grievous
  7. important, serious, momentous
  8. valuable, highly prized
  9. haughty, proud (speech)
  10. venerable, respectable

Noun[edit]

गुरु (gurúm

  1. guru
  2. any venerable or respectable person (father, mother, or any relative older than oneself)
  3. teacher
  4. sage

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of गुरु
Nom. sg. गुरुः (guruḥ)
Gen. sg. गुरोः (guroḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गुरुः (guruḥ) गुरू (gurū) गुरवः (guravaḥ)
Vocative गुरो (guro) गुरू (gurū) गुरवः (guravaḥ)
Accusative गुरुम् (gurum) गुरू (gurū) गुरून् (gurūn)
Instrumental गुरुणा (guruṇā) गुरुभ्याम् (gurubhyām) गुरुभिः (gurubhiḥ)
Dative गुरवे (gurave) गुरुभ्याम् (gurubhyām) गुरुभ्यः (gurubhyaḥ)
Ablative गुरोः (guroḥ) गुरुभ्याम् (gurubhyām) गुरुभ्यः (gurubhyaḥ)
Genitive गुरोः (guroḥ) गुर्वोः (gurvoḥ) गुरूणाम् (gurūṇām)
Locative गुरौ (gurau) गुर्वोः (gurvoḥ) गुरुषु (guruṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]