चतुरङ्ग

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of चतुर्(catur, four) and अङ्ग(aṅga, limb, member).

Adjective[edit]

चतुरङ्ग ‎(cátur-aṅga)

  1. having 4 limbs (or extremities) (RV. X, 92, 11, ŚBr. XII)
    • RV 10.92.11
      ते हि दयावाप्र्थिवी भूरिरेतसा नराशंसश्चतुरङगोयमो.अदितिः |
      देवस्त्वष्टा दरविणोदा रभुक्षणः पररोदसी मरुतो विष्णुरर्हिरे ||
      te hi dyāvāpṛthivī bhūriretasā narāśaṃsaścaturaṅghoyamo.aditiḥ |
      devastvaṣṭā draviṇodā ṛbhukṣaṇaḥ prarodasī maruto viṣṇurarhire ||
      For these, the Earth and Heaven with their abundant seed, four-bodied Narāśaṁsa, Yama, Aditi,
      God Tvaṣṭar Wealth-bestower, the Ṛbhukṣaṇas, Rodasī, Maruts, Viṣṇu, claim and merit praise.
  2. (with बल(bala, an army)) comprising (4 parts, viz.) elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry (MBh. III, 790, R. II, 51, 7)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of चतुरङ्ग
Nom. sg. चतुरङगः(caturaṅagaḥ)
Gen. sg. चतुरङगस्य(caturaṅagasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चतुरङगः(caturaṅagaḥ) चतुरङगौ(caturaṅagau) चतुरङगाः(caturaṅagāḥ)
Vocative चतुरङग(caturaṅaga) चतुरङगौ(caturaṅagau) चतुरङगाः(caturaṅagāḥ)
Accusative चतुरङगम्(caturaṅagam) चतुरङगौ(caturaṅagau) चतुरङगान्(caturaṅagān)
Instrumental चतुरङगेण(caturaṅageṇa) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगैः(caturaṅagaiḥ)
Dative चतुरङगाय(caturaṅagāya) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगेभ्यः(caturaṅagebhyaḥ)
Ablative चतुरङगात्(caturaṅagāt) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगेभ्यः(caturaṅagebhyaḥ)
Genitive चतुरङगस्य(caturaṅagasya) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगाणाम्(caturaṅagāṇām)
Locative चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगेषु(caturaṅageṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of चतुरङ्ग
Nom. sg. चतुरङगा(caturaṅagā)
Gen. sg. चतुरङगायाः(caturaṅagāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चतुरङगा(caturaṅagā) चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगाः(caturaṅagāḥ)
Vocative चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगाः(caturaṅagāḥ)
Accusative चतुरङगाम्(caturaṅagām) चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगाः(caturaṅagāḥ)
Instrumental चतुरङगया(caturaṅagayā) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगाभिः(caturaṅagābhiḥ)
Dative चतुरङगायै(caturaṅagāyai) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगाभ्यः(caturaṅagābhyaḥ)
Ablative चतुरङगायाः(caturaṅagāyāḥ) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगाभ्यः(caturaṅagābhyaḥ)
Genitive चतुरङगायाः(caturaṅagāyāḥ) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगाणाम्(caturaṅagāṇām)
Locative चतुरङगायाम्(caturaṅagāyām) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगासु(caturaṅagāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of चतुरङ्ग
Nom. sg. चतुरङगम्(caturaṅagam)
Gen. sg. चतुरङगस्य(caturaṅagasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चतुरङगम्(caturaṅagam) चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगाणि(caturaṅagāṇi)
Vocative चतुरङग(caturaṅaga) चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगाणि(caturaṅagāṇi)
Accusative चतुरङगम्(caturaṅagam) चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगाणि(caturaṅagāṇi)
Instrumental चतुरङगेण(caturaṅageṇa) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगैः(caturaṅagaiḥ)
Dative चतुरङगा(caturaṅagā) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगेभ्यः(caturaṅagebhyaḥ)
Ablative चतुरङगात्(caturaṅagāt) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगेभ्यः(caturaṅagebhyaḥ)
Genitive चतुरङगस्य(caturaṅagasya) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगाणाम्(caturaṅagāṇām)
Locative चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगेषु(caturaṅageṣu)

Noun[edit]

चतुरङ्ग ‎(cátur-aṅgam

  1. Cucumis utilissimus (?) (L.)
  2. name of a son of रोमपाद(roma-pāda) or लोमपाद(loma-pāda) (Hariv. 1697 f., BhP. IX, 23, 10)
  3. (scil. बल(bala)) = चतुरङ्गबल(cátur-aṅga-bala) (AV., Pariś. ??, MBh. IX, 446)
  4. (chess) a kind of chess (played by 4 parties) (Tithyād.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of चतुरङ्ग
Nom. sg. चतुरङगः(caturaṅagaḥ)
Gen. sg. चतुरङगस्य(caturaṅagasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चतुरङगः(caturaṅagaḥ) चतुरङगौ(caturaṅagau) चतुरङगाः(caturaṅagāḥ)
Vocative चतुरङग(caturaṅaga) चतुरङगौ(caturaṅagau) चतुरङगाः(caturaṅagāḥ)
Accusative चतुरङगम्(caturaṅagam) चतुरङगौ(caturaṅagau) चतुरङगान्(caturaṅagān)
Instrumental चतुरङगेण(caturaṅageṇa) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगैः(caturaṅagaiḥ)
Dative चतुरङगाय(caturaṅagāya) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगेभ्यः(caturaṅagebhyaḥ)
Ablative चतुरङगात्(caturaṅagāt) चतुरङगाभ्याम्(caturaṅagābhyām) चतुरङगेभ्यः(caturaṅagebhyaḥ)
Genitive चतुरङगस्य(caturaṅagasya) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगाणाम्(caturaṅagāṇām)
Locative चतुरङगे(caturaṅage) चतुरङगयोः(caturaṅagayoḥ) चतुरङगेषु(caturaṅageṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0384