चीन

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Hindi[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चीन ‎(cīna).

Proper noun[edit]

चीन ‎(cīnm ‎(Urdu spelling چین)

  1. China

Nepali[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

चीन ‎(cīn), pronounced चिन् (cin)

  1. China

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain etymology, but usually held to derive from Old Chinese ‎(*Dzin, Qin). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

चीन ‎(cīnam

  1. the Chinese (Mn.. X, 44, MBh. II f., vf. R. IV, 44, 14, Lalit., Jain., Car., VarBṛS.)
  2. a kind of deer (L.)
  3. proso millet, Panicum miliaceum (also spelled चिन्न​ ‎(cinna)) (L.)
  4. thread (L.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of चीन
Nom. sg. चीनः ‎(cīnaḥ)
Gen. sg. चीनस्य ‎(cīnasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनः ‎(cīnaḥ) चीनौ ‎(cīnau) चीनाः ‎(cīnāḥ)
Vocative चीन ‎(cīna) चीनौ ‎(cīnau) चीनाः ‎(cīnāḥ)
Accusative चीनम् ‎(cīnam) चीनौ ‎(cīnau) चीनान् ‎(cīnān)
Instrumental चीनेन ‎(cīnena) चीनाभ्याम् ‎(cīnābhyām) चीनैः ‎(cīnaiḥ)
Dative चीनाय ‎(cīnāya) चीनाभ्याम् ‎(cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः ‎(cīnebhyaḥ)
Ablative चीनात् ‎(cīnāt) चीनाभ्याम् ‎(cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः ‎(cīnebhyaḥ)
Genitive चीनस्य ‎(cīnasya) चीनयोः ‎(cīnayoḥ) चीनानाम् ‎(cīnānām)
Locative चीने ‎(cīne) चीनयोः ‎(cīnayoḥ) चीनेषु ‎(cīneṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Usually held to be the source of:

Noun[edit]

चीन ‎(cīnan

  1. banner (L.)
  2. a bandage for the corners of the eyes (Suśr. i, 18, 11)
  3. lead (L.)

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of चीन
Nom. sg. चीनम् ‎(cīnam)
Gen. sg. चीनस्य ‎(cīnasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनम् ‎(cīnam) चीने ‎(cīne) चीनानि ‎(cīnāni)
Vocative चीन ‎(cīna) चीने ‎(cīne) चीनानि ‎(cīnāni)
Accusative चीनम् ‎(cīnam) चीने ‎(cīne) चीनानि ‎(cīnāni)
Instrumental चीनेन ‎(cīnena) चीनाभ्याम् ‎(cīnābhyām) चीनैः ‎(cīnaiḥ)
Dative चीना ‎(cīnā) चीनाभ्याम् ‎(cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः ‎(cīnebhyaḥ)
Ablative चीनात् ‎(cīnāt) चीनाभ्याम् ‎(cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः ‎(cīnebhyaḥ)
Genitive चीनस्य ‎(cīnasya) चीनयोः ‎(cīnayoḥ) चीनानाम् ‎(cīnānām)
Locative चीने ‎(cīne) चीनयोः ‎(cīnayoḥ) चीनेषु ‎(cīneṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0399