चीन

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃiːn/, [t͡ʃĩːn̪]

Proper noun[edit]

चीन (cīnm (Urdu spelling چین‎)

  1. China (a country in Asia)

Declension[edit]


Nepali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

चीन (cīn), pronounced चिन् (cin)

  1. China

Newar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

चीन (cīn)

  1. China

Sanskrit[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain etymology, but usually held to derive from Old Chinese (OC *zin, “Qin”)[1][2]. But other theories have been proposed, including derivation from (jìn, “Jin”), Middle Chinese (MC t͡siɪnH), Old Chinese (OC *ʔsins)[3], (jīng, “Jing”)[4], or the Zina of 夜郎 (Yèláng, “Yelang”)[4]. See "Names of China" and "Chinas" at Wikipedia.

Noun[edit]

चीन (cīnam

  1. the Chinese people; China
    • c. 200 BCE – 200 CE, Manusmṛti 10.44:
      पौण्ड्रकाश्चौड्रद्रविडाः काम्बोजा यवनाः शकाः ।
      पारदापह्लवाश्चीनाः किराता दरदाः खशाः ॥
      pauṇḍrakāścauḍradraviḍāḥ kāmbojā yavanāḥ śakāḥ .
      pāradāpahlavāścīnāḥ kirātā daradāḥ khaśāḥ .
      the Paundrakas, the Kodas, the Dravidas, the Kambogas, the Yavanas, the Sakas,
      the Paradas, the Pahlavas, the Kinas, the Kiratas, and the Daradas.
    • c. 400 BCE, Mahābhārata 2.f, vf
    • c. 500 BCE – 100 BCE, Rāmāyaṇa 4.44.14
    • c. 600 BCE – 200 BCE, Caraka
    • 550 CE, Varāhamihira, Bṛhat Saṃhitā

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of चीन (cīna)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनः
cīnaḥ
चीनौ
cīnau
चीनाः / चीनासः¹
cīnāḥ / cīnāsaḥ¹
Vocative चीन
cīna
चीनौ
cīnau
चीनाः / चीनासः¹
cīnāḥ / cīnāsaḥ¹
Accusative चीनम्
cīnam
चीनौ
cīnau
चीनान्
cīnān
Instrumental चीनेन
cīnena
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनैः / चीनेभिः¹
cīnaiḥ / cīnebhiḥ¹
Dative चीनाय
cīnāya
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Ablative चीनात्
cīnāt
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Genitive चीनस्य
cīnasya
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनानाम्
cīnānām
Locative चीने
cīne
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनेषु
cīneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Gandhari: 𐨕𐨁𐨣‎(cina‎)
  • Middle Chinese: 支那 (MC t͡ɕiᴇ nɑ|X|H)
  • Malay: Cina

Usually held to be the source of:

Noun[edit]

चीन (cīnan

  1. a bandage for the corners of the eyes

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of चीन (cīna)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनम्
cīnam
चीने
cīne
चीनानि / चीना¹
cīnāni / cīnā¹
Vocative चीन
cīna
चीने
cīne
चीनानि / चीना¹
cīnāni / cīnā¹
Accusative चीनम्
cīnam
चीने
cīne
चीनानि / चीना¹
cīnāni / cīnā¹
Instrumental चीनेन
cīnena
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनैः / चीनेभिः¹
cīnaiḥ / cīnebhiḥ¹
Dative चीनाय
cīnāya
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Ablative चीनात्
cīnāt
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Genitive चीनस्य
cīnasya
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनानाम्
cīnānām
Locative चीने
cīne
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनेषु
cīneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yule, Henry (2005) Cathay and the Way Thither[1], →ISBN, pages 2–3
  2. ^ Dr M. R. Singh (1972) Geographical Data in Early Puranas, pages 172
  3. ^ Zhengzhang Shangfang (2006-11-20) , ““支那”真正的来源”, in 郑张尚芳的博客 [Zhengzhang Shangfang's blog]‎[2] (in Chinese)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wade Geoff (2009-05) , “The Polity of Yelang and the Origin of the Name 'China'”, in Sino-Platonic Papers[3], issue 188