चीन

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

चीन (cīnm (Urdu spelling چین)

  1. China (a country of Asia)

Nepali[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

चीन (cīn), pronounced चिन् (cin)

  1. China

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain etymology, but usually held to derive from Old Chinese (*Dzin, Qin). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.

Noun[edit]

चीन (cīnam

  1. the Chinese
    • c. 200 BCE – 200 CE, Manusmṛti 10.44
      पौण्ड्रकाश्चौड्रद्रविडाः काम्बोजा यवनाः शकाः ।
      पारदापह्लवाश्चीनाः किराता दरदाः खशाः ॥
      pauṇḍrakāścauḍradraviḍāḥ kāmbojā yavanāḥ śakāḥ .
      pāradāpahlavāścīnāḥ kirātā daradāḥ khaśāḥ .
      the Paundrakas, the Kodas, the Dravidas, the Kambogas, the Yavanas, the Sakas,
      the Paradas, the Pahlavas, the Kinas, the Kiratas, and the Daradas.
    • c. 400 BCE, Mahābhārata 2.f, vf
    • c. 1000, Rāmāyaṇa 4.44.14
    • c. 600 BCE – 200 BCE, Caraka
    • 550 CE, Varāhamihira, Bṛhat Saṃhitā
  2. a kind of deer
  3. proso millet, Panicum miliaceum (also spelled चिन्न​ (cinna))
  4. thread

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of चीन
Nom. sg. चीनः (cīnaḥ)
Gen. sg. चीनस्य (cīnasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनः (cīnaḥ) चीनौ (cīnau) चीनाः (cīnāḥ)
Vocative चीन (cīna) चीनौ (cīnau) चीनाः (cīnāḥ)
Accusative चीनम् (cīnam) चीनौ (cīnau) चीनान् (cīnān)
Instrumental चीनेन (cīnena) चीनाभ्याम् (cīnābhyām) चीनैः (cīnaiḥ)
Dative चीनाय (cīnāya) चीनाभ्याम् (cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः (cīnebhyaḥ)
Ablative चीनात् (cīnāt) चीनाभ्याम् (cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः (cīnebhyaḥ)
Genitive चीनस्य (cīnasya) चीनयोः (cīnayoḥ) चीनानाम् (cīnānām)
Locative चीने (cīne) चीनयोः (cīnayoḥ) चीनेषु (cīneṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Usually held to be the source of:

Noun[edit]

चीन (cīnan

  1. banner
  2. a bandage for the corners of the eyes
  3. lead

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of चीन
Nom. sg. चीनम् (cīnam)
Gen. sg. चीनस्य (cīnasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनम् (cīnam) चीने (cīne) चीनानि (cīnāni)
Vocative चीन (cīna) चीने (cīne) चीनानि (cīnāni)
Accusative चीनम् (cīnam) चीने (cīne) चीनानि (cīnāni)
Instrumental चीनेन (cīnena) चीनाभ्याम् (cīnābhyām) चीनैः (cīnaiḥ)
Dative चीना (cīnā) चीनाभ्याम् (cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः (cīnebhyaḥ)
Ablative चीनात् (cīnāt) चीनाभ्याम् (cīnābhyām) चीनेभ्यः (cīnebhyaḥ)
Genitive चीनस्य (cīnasya) चीनयोः (cīnayoḥ) चीनानाम् (cīnānām)
Locative चीने (cīne) चीनयोः (cīnayoḥ) चीनेषु (cīneṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0399