ज्ञान

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Hindi[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit ज्ञान (jñāna), from the root verb ज्ञा (jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान (gyānm (Urdu spelling گیان)

  1. knowledge
    मुझे इसका कुछ भी ज्ञान नहीं है।
    mujhe iskā kuch bhī gyān nahī̃ hai.
    I have no knowledge of it at all.
    हमारा शिक्षक व्यापक ज्ञान की खान है।
    hamārā śikṣak vyāpak gyān kī khān hai.
    Our professor is a vast storehouse of general knowledge.
    गुरूजी, और ज्ञान बाटो!gurūjī, aur gyān bāṭo!Oh Guru, please enlighten us with knowledge! (sarcastic)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “ज्ञान”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान (jñān), pronounced ग्याँन् (gyā̃n)

  1. knowledge, wisdom

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root verb ज्ञा (jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (to know).

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान (jñānan

  1. knowing, becoming acquainted with, knowledge, (esp.) the higher knowledge (in Buddhism, pure awareness free from conceptual constructs; in Hinduism, true knowledge of the Self's identity with the Ultimate Reality)
  2. "knowledge about anything cognizance" (compare ज्ञानतस् (jñānatas) and अज्ञान (ajñāna))
    ज्ञानाद् अज्ञानाद् वाjñānād ajñānād vāknowingly or ignorantly
  3. conscience
  4. = ज्ञानेन्द्रिय (jñānendriya)
  5. engaging in (+ genitive, e.g. सर्पिषस् (sarpiṣas, in sacrifice with clarified butter))
  6. name of a shakti

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of ज्ञान (jñāna)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ज्ञानम्
jñānam
ज्ञाने
jñāne
ज्ञानानि / ज्ञाना¹
jñānāni / jñānā¹
Vocative ज्ञान
jñāna
ज्ञाने
jñāne
ज्ञानानि / ज्ञाना¹
jñānāni / jñānā¹
Accusative ज्ञानम्
jñānam
ज्ञाने
jñāne
ज्ञानानि / ज्ञाना¹
jñānāni / jñānā¹
Instrumental ज्ञानेन
jñānena
ज्ञानाभ्याम्
jñānābhyām
ज्ञानैः / ज्ञानेभिः¹
jñānaiḥ / jñānebhiḥ¹
Dative ज्ञानाय
jñānāya
ज्ञानाभ्याम्
jñānābhyām
ज्ञानेभ्यः
jñānebhyaḥ
Ablative ज्ञानात्
jñānāt
ज्ञानाभ्याम्
jñānābhyām
ज्ञानेभ्यः
jñānebhyaḥ
Genitive ज्ञानस्य
jñānasya
ज्ञानयोः
jñānayoḥ
ज्ञानानाम्
jñānānām
Locative ज्ञाने
jñāne
ज्ञानयोः
jñānayoḥ
ज्ञानेषु
jñāneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0426