ज्ञान

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit ज्ञान(jñāna), from the root verb ज्ञा(jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃-(to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान ‎(gyānm ‎(Urdu spelling گیان)

  1. knowledge
    मुझे इसका कुछ भी ज्ञान नहीं है।
    I have no knowledge of it at all.
    हमारा शिक्षक व्यापक ज्ञान की खान है।
    Our professor is a vast storehouse of knowledge.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “ज्ञान”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान ‎(jñān), pronounced ग्याँन् (gyā̃n)

  1. knowledge, wisdom

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root verb ज्ञा(jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃-(to know).

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान ‎(jñānan

  1. knowing, becoming acquainted with, knowledge, (esp.) the higher knowledge (in Buddhism, pure awareness free from conceptual constructs; in Hinduism, true knowledge of the Self's identity with the Ultimate Reality)
  2. "knowledge about anything cognizance" (compare ज्ञानतस्(jñānatas) and अज्ञान(ajñāna))
    jñānād a-jñānād vā — knowingly or ignorantly
  3. conscience
  4. = ज्ञानेन्द्रिय(jñāne*ndriya)
  5. engaging in (+ genitive, e.g. सर्पिषस्(sarpiṣas), "in sacrifice with clarified butter")
  6. name of a shakti

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of ज्ञान
Nom. sg. ज्ञानः(jñānaḥ)
Gen. sg. ज्ञानस्य(jñānasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ज्ञानः(jñānaḥ) ज्ञानौ(jñānau) ज्ञानाः(jñānāḥ)
Vocative ज्ञान(jñāna) ज्ञानौ(jñānau) ज्ञानाः(jñānāḥ)
Accusative ज्ञानम्(jñānam) ज्ञानौ(jñānau) ज्ञानान्(jñānān)
Instrumental ज्ञानेन(jñānena) ज्ञानाभ्याम्(jñānābhyām) ज्ञानैः(jñānaiḥ)
Dative ज्ञानाय(jñānāya) ज्ञानाभ्याम्(jñānābhyām) ज्ञानेभ्यः(jñānebhyaḥ)
Ablative ज्ञानात्(jñānāt) ज्ञानाभ्याम्(jñānābhyām) ज्ञानेभ्यः(jñānebhyaḥ)
Genitive ज्ञानस्य(jñānasya) ज्ञानयोः(jñānayoḥ) ज्ञानानाम्(jñānānām)
Locative ज्ञाने(jñāne) ज्ञानयोः(jñānayoḥ) ज्ञानेषु(jñāneṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0426