ज्ञान

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Hindi[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit ज्ञान (jñā́na), from the root verb ज्ञा (jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान (gyānm (Urdu spelling گیان)

  1. knowledge
    मुझे इसका कुछ भी ज्ञान नहीं है।
    mujhe iskā kuch bhī gyān nahī̃ hai.
    I have no knowledge of it at all.
    हमारा शिक्षक व्यापक ज्ञान की खान है।
    hamārā śikṣak vyāpak gyān kī khān hai.
    Our professor is a vast storehouse of general knowledge.
    गुरूजी, और ज्ञान बाटो!gurūjī, aur gyān bāṭo!Oh Guru, please enlighten us with knowledge! (sarcastic)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “ज्ञान”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान (jñān), pronounced ग्याँन् (gyā̃n)

  1. knowledge, wisdom

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root verb ज्ञा (jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d͡ʑɲɑ́ː.n̪ɐ/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʑɲɑː.n̪ɐ/
  • Noun[edit]

    ज्ञान (jñā́nan

    1. knowing, becoming acquainted with, knowledge, (esp.) the higher knowledge (in Buddhism, pure awareness free from conceptual constructs; in Hinduism, true knowledge of the Self's identity with the Ultimate Reality)
    2. "knowledge about anything cognizance" (compare ज्ञानतस् (jñānatas) and अज्ञान (ajñāna))
      ज्ञानाद् अज्ञानाद् वाjñānād ajñānād vāknowingly or ignorantly
    3. conscience
    4. = ज्ञानेन्द्रिय (jñānendriya)
    5. engaging in (+ genitive, e.g. सर्पिषस् (sarpiṣas, in sacrifice with clarified butter))
    6. name of a shakti

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter a-stem declension of ज्ञान (jñā́na)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative ज्ञानम्
    jñā́nam
    ज्ञाने
    jñā́ne
    ज्ञानानि / ज्ञाना¹
    jñā́nāni / jñā́nā¹
    Vocative ज्ञान
    jñā́na
    ज्ञाने
    jñā́ne
    ज्ञानानि / ज्ञाना¹
    jñā́nāni / jñā́nā¹
    Accusative ज्ञानम्
    jñā́nam
    ज्ञाने
    jñā́ne
    ज्ञानानि / ज्ञाना¹
    jñā́nāni / jñā́nā¹
    Instrumental ज्ञानेन
    jñā́nena
    ज्ञानाभ्याम्
    jñā́nābhyām
    ज्ञानैः / ज्ञानेभिः¹
    jñā́naiḥ / jñā́nebhiḥ¹
    Dative ज्ञानाय
    jñā́nāya
    ज्ञानाभ्याम्
    jñā́nābhyām
    ज्ञानेभ्यः
    jñā́nebhyaḥ
    Ablative ज्ञानात्
    jñā́nāt
    ज्ञानाभ्याम्
    jñā́nābhyām
    ज्ञानेभ्यः
    jñā́nebhyaḥ
    Genitive ज्ञानस्य
    jñā́nasya
    ज्ञानयोः
    jñā́nayoḥ
    ज्ञानानाम्
    jñā́nānām
    Locative ज्ञाने
    jñā́ne
    ज्ञानयोः
    jñā́nayoḥ
    ज्ञानेषु
    jñā́neṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0426