ज्ञान

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Hindi[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*ǵneh₃-

From Sanskrit ज्ञान ‎(jñāna), from the root verb ज्ञा ‎(jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- ‎(to know).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान ‎(gyānm ‎(Urdu spelling گیان)

  1. knowledge
    मुझे इसका कुछ भी ज्ञान नहीं है।
    I have no knowledge of it at all.
    हमारा शिक्षक व्यापक ज्ञान की खान है।
    Our professor is a vast storehouse of knowledge.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “ज्ञान”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान ‎(jñān), pronounced ग्याँन् (gyā̃n)

  1. knowledge, wisdom

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root verb ज्ञा ‎(jñā, to know, be aware of), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- ‎(to know).

Noun[edit]

ज्ञान ‎(jñānan

  1. knowing, becoming acquainted with, knowledge, (esp.) the higher knowledge (in Buddhism, pure awareness free from conceptual constructs; in Hinduism, true knowledge of the Self's identity with the Ultimate Reality)
  2. "knowledge about anything cognizance" (compare ज्ञानतस् ‎(jñānatas) and अज्ञान ‎(ajñāna))
    jñānād a-jñānād vā — knowingly or ignorantly
  3. conscience
  4. = ज्ञानेन्द्रिय ‎(jñāne*ndriya)
  5. engaging in (+ genitive, e.g. सर्पिषस् ‎(sarpiṣas), "in sacrifice with clarified butter")
  6. name of a shakti

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of ज्ञान
Nom. sg. ज्ञानः ‎(jñānaḥ)
Gen. sg. ज्ञानस्य ‎(jñānasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ज्ञानः ‎(jñānaḥ) ज्ञानौ ‎(jñānau) ज्ञानाः ‎(jñānāḥ)
Vocative ज्ञान ‎(jñāna) ज्ञानौ ‎(jñānau) ज्ञानाः ‎(jñānāḥ)
Accusative ज्ञानम् ‎(jñānam) ज्ञानौ ‎(jñānau) ज्ञानान् ‎(jñānān)
Instrumental ज्ञानेन ‎(jñānena) ज्ञानाभ्याम् ‎(jñānābhyām) ज्ञानैः ‎(jñānaiḥ)
Dative ज्ञानाय ‎(jñānāya) ज्ञानाभ्याम् ‎(jñānābhyām) ज्ञानेभ्यः ‎(jñānebhyaḥ)
Ablative ज्ञानात् ‎(jñānāt) ज्ञानाभ्याम् ‎(jñānābhyām) ज्ञानेभ्यः ‎(jñānebhyaḥ)
Genitive ज्ञानस्य ‎(jñānasya) ज्ञानयोः ‎(jñānayoḥ) ज्ञानानाम् ‎(jñānānām)
Locative ज्ञाने ‎(jñāne) ज्ञानयोः ‎(jñānayoḥ) ज्ञानेषु ‎(jñāneṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0426