तृण

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥nós, from *(s)ter- (stiff). Cognate with Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽𐌿𐍃 (þaurnus), Old Norse þorn, Old English þorn, English thorn, Old Church Slavonic трънъ (trŭnŭ, thorn).

Noun[edit]

तृण (tṛ́ṇan

  1. grass, herb, any gramineous plant, blade of grass, straw (often symbolic of minuteness and worthlessness) (RV. etc.)
    • RV 1.161.11a
      उद्वत्स्वस्मा अक्र्णोतन तृणं निवत्स्वपः सवपस्यय नरः |
      अगोह्यस्य यदसस्तना गर्हे तदद्येदं ऋभवो नानु गछथ ||
      udvatsvasmā akṛṇotana tṛṇaṃ nivatsvapaḥ svapasyaya naraḥ |
      aghohyasya yadasastanā ghṛhe tadadyedaṃ ṛbhavo nānu ghachatha ||
      On the high places ye have made the grass for man, and water in the valleys, by your skill, O Men.
      Ṛbhus, ye iterate not to-day that act of yours, your sleeping in the house of him whom naught can hide.

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of तृण
Nom. sg. तृणम् (tṛṇam)
Gen. sg. तृणस्य (tṛṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तृणम् (tṛṇam) तृणे (tṛṇe) तृणानि (tṛṇāni)
Vocative तृण (tṛṇa) तृणे (tṛṇe) तृणानि (tṛṇāni)
Accusative तृणम् (tṛṇam) तृणे (tṛṇe) तृणानि (tṛṇāni)
Instrumental तृणेन (tṛṇena) तृणाभ्याम् (tṛṇābhyām) तृणैः (tṛṇaiḥ)
Dative तृणा (tṛṇā) तृणाभ्याम् (tṛṇābhyām) तृणेभ्यः (tṛṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative तृणात् (tṛṇāt) तृणाभ्याम् (tṛṇābhyām) तृणेभ्यः (tṛṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive तृणस्य (tṛṇasya) तृणयोः (tṛṇayoḥ) तृणानाम् (tṛṇānām)
Locative तृणे (tṛṇe) तृणयोः (tṛṇayoḥ) तृणेषु (tṛṇeṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0453