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From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥nom, *(s)ter-n- ‎(sharp stalk or thorn), possibly derived from *ster- ‎(stiff). Cognate with Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽𐌿𐍃 ‎(þaurnus), Old Norse þorn, and Old English þorn, English thorn, and Old Church Slavonic трънъ ‎(trŭnŭ, thorn).


तृण ‎(tṛ́ṇan

  1. grass, herb, any gramineous plant, blade of grass, straw (often symbolic of minuteness and worthlessness) (RV. etc.)
    • RV 1.161.11a
      उद्वत्स्वस्मा अक्र्णोतन तृणं निवत्स्वपः सवपस्यय नरः |
      अगोह्यस्य यदसस्तना गर्हे तदद्येदं ऋभवो नानु गछथ ||
      udvatsvasmā akṛṇotana tṛṇaṃ nivatsvapaḥ svapasyaya naraḥ |
      aghohyasya yadasastanā ghṛhe tadadyedaṃ ṛbhavo nānu ghachatha ||
      On the high places ye have made the grass for man, and water in the valleys, by your skill, O Men.
      Ṛbhus, ye iterate not to-day that act of yours, your sleeping in the house of him whom naught can hide.


Neuter a-stem declension of तृण
Nom. sg. तृणम् ‎(tṛṇam)
Gen. sg. तृणस्य ‎(tṛṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तृणम् ‎(tṛṇam) तृणे ‎(tṛṇe) तृणानि ‎(tṛṇāni)
Vocative तृण ‎(tṛṇa) तृणे ‎(tṛṇe) तृणानि ‎(tṛṇāni)
Accusative तृणम् ‎(tṛṇam) तृणे ‎(tṛṇe) तृणानि ‎(tṛṇāni)
Instrumental तृणेन ‎(tṛṇena) तृणाभ्याम् ‎(tṛṇābhyām) तृणैः ‎(tṛṇaiḥ)
Dative तृणा ‎(tṛṇā) तृणाभ्याम् ‎(tṛṇābhyām) तृणेभ्यः ‎(tṛṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative तृणात् ‎(tṛṇāt) तृणाभ्याम् ‎(tṛṇābhyām) तृणेभ्यः ‎(tṛṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive तृणस्य ‎(tṛṇasya) तृणयोः ‎(tṛṇayoḥ) तृणानाम् ‎(tṛṇānām)
Locative तृणे ‎(tṛṇe) तृणयोः ‎(tṛṇayoḥ) तृणेषु ‎(tṛṇeṣu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0453