थोड़ा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀣𑁄𑀕 (thoga, a little) + Middle Indo-Aryan -𑀟- (-ḍa-) + -𑀓- (-ka-), from Sanskrit स्तोक (stoká, drop, dot).[1] Cognate with Punjabi ਥੋੜਾ (thoṛā), Gujarati થોડું (thoḍũ), Marathi थोडे (thoḍe).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t̪ʰoː.ɽɑː/, [t̪ʰoː.ɽäː]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

थोड़ा (thoṛā) (Urdu spelling تھوڑا‎)

  1. some, a little; small (amount of)
    मुझे बस थोड़ी चाय चाहिए।mujhe bas thoṛī cāy cāhie.I just want some tea.

Adverb[edit]

थोड़ा (thoṛā) (Urdu spelling تھوڑا‎)

  1. emphasised negation (not the case)
    वो मुझे थोड़ी चाहिए।vo mujhe thoṛī cāhie.It is not me who wants that. / It is not the case that I want that.
    मैंने लिखने थोड़ी बोला।mainne likhne thoṛī bolā.It is not the case that I told (someone) to run.
    उसने ख़रीदा थोड़ी, बेचा।usne xarīdā thoṛī, becā.It is not the case that she bought it, but instead she sold it.
Usage notes[edit]

Only the feminine form थोड़ी (thoṛī) can be used as the emphasised negation.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “stōká(13720)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press.