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Devanagari n.svg
U+0928, न
DEVANAGARI LETTER NA

[U+0927]
Devanagari
[U+0929]

Translingual[edit]

Deva-न-order.gif

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(na)

  1. A letter of the Devanagari alphabet representing the sound /n/.

See also[edit]

Ligatures:


Dhivehi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(na)

  1. The third consonant in Dhivehi, written in Devanagari

Hindi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /nə/, [n̪ə]

Letter[edit]

(na)

  1. the twentieth consonant of Hindi

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit (na).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /nɑː/, [n̪äː], /nə/, [n̪ə]

While the second pronunciation is the expected one for the particle, the first, with a long "ā", is more common.

Particle[edit]

(na) (Urdu spelling نہ‎)

  1. not, do not
    कृपया पीजिए!kŕpyā na pījie!Please, do not drink [it]!
  2. isn't it?
    मेरा नाम बहुत लम्बा है, ?
    merā nām bahut lambā hai, na?
    My name is very long, isn't it?
Usage notes[edit]

(na) is used in sudden situations, and normally shows alarm. A less urgent alternative is मत (mat).

Synonyms[edit]

Marathi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /nə/
  • (file)

Letter[edit]

(na)

  1. The nineteenth consonant of Marathi.

Nepali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(na)

  1. The twentieth consonant in Nepali.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Particle[edit]

  1. Devanagari script form of na

Adjective[edit]

  1. Devanagari script form of na (“that”)

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

 m

  1. Devanagari script form of na (“him, it, that”)

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

 n

  1. Devanagari script form of na (“it, that”)

Declension[edit]


Raute[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-j ~ ka. Cognate with Chinese ().

Pronoun[edit]

(na)

  1. I

Further reading[edit]

  • Encounter with the Raute: The Last Hunting Nomads of Nepal (1976)
  • ASJP

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ná, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ná, from Proto-Indo-European *né. Cognate with Latin ne, English no.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

()

  1. no, not

Particle[edit]

()

  1. (when used with an interrogative) no, not, none, no one, nothing, never, etc.
    सा वस्वी अस्ति॥
    sā́ vásvī ásti.
    She is not good.
  2. (with optative) lest, that not
  3. (with repetition) absolutely, very much, unequivocally
  4. like, as, just as, as it were, as if

Descendants[edit]

  • Dardic:
    • Gawar-Bati: [script needed] (na)
    • Indus Kohistani: [script needed] (na)
    • Kalami: [script needed] (na)
    • Khowar: [script needed] (na), [script needed] (no)
    • Kashmiri:
      Arabic: نَہ(na), نا(), نہٕ(nụ)
      Devanagari: (na), ना (), नॖ (nụ)
    • Kohistani Shina: [script needed] (na)
    • Northeast Pashayi: [Term?] (na)
    • Northwest Pashayi: [script needed] (na)
    • Phalura: [script needed] (na)
    • Shina: [script needed] (na)
    • Southeast Pashayi: [script needed] (na)
    • Southwest Pashayi: [script needed] (na)
    • Tirahi: [script needed] ()
    • Torwali: [script needed] (na)
    • Wotapuri-Katarqalai: [script needed] (na)
  • Helu:
    • Dhivehi: ނަ(na)
    • Sinhalese: (na)
  • Magadhi Prakrit: 𑀡 (ṇa), 𑀡𑀸 (ṇā)
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀡 (ṇa), 𑀡𑀸 (ṇā)
  • Pali: na
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀡 (ṇa), 𑀡𑀸 (ṇā)

References[edit]

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press