निद्रा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit निद्रा (nidrā). Doublet of नींद (nīnd).

Noun[edit]

निद्रा (nidrāf

  1. sleep, drowsiness
    Synonym: नींद (nīnd)

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit निद्रा (nidrā). Doublet of नीद (nīd).

Noun[edit]

निद्रा (nidrāf

  1. sleep, drowsiness
    Synonym: झोप (jhop) (more common)

References[edit]


Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

निद्रा (nidrā)

  1. sleep

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hnidrā́H, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnidrā́H (compare Old Armenian նիրհ (nirh), a borrowing from Iranian), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nidrm̥éh₂, from *h₁ni (down) + *drem- (to sleep) (compare Ancient Greek δαρθάνω (darthánō), Latin dormiō). See also नि (ni) and द्रायति (drā́yati).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

निद्रा (nidrā́f

  1. sleep, slumber
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 8.48.14:
      त्रातारो देवा अधि वोचता नो मा नो निद्रा ईशत मोत जल्पिः।
      वयं सोमस्य विश्वह प्रियासः सुवीरासो विदथमा वदेम॥
      trātāro devā adhi vocatā no mā no nidrā īśata mota jalpiḥ.
      vayaṃ somasya viśvaha priyāsaḥ suvīrāso vidathamā vadema.
      Give us your blessing, O ye Gods’ preservers. Never may sleep or idle talk control us.
      But evermore may we, as friends of Soma, speak to the synod with brave sons around us.

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of निद्रा (nidrā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative निद्रा
nidrā́
निद्रे
nidré
निद्राः
nidrā́ḥ
Vocative निद्रे
nídre
निद्रे
nídre
निद्राः
nídrāḥ
Accusative निद्राम्
nidrā́m
निद्रे
nidré
निद्राः
nidrā́ḥ
Instrumental निद्रया / निद्रा¹
nidráyā / nidrā́¹
निद्राभ्याम्
nidrā́bhyām
निद्राभिः
nidrā́bhiḥ
Dative निद्रायै
nidrā́yai
निद्राभ्याम्
nidrā́bhyām
निद्राभ्यः
nidrā́bhyaḥ
Ablative निद्रायाः
nidrā́yāḥ
निद्राभ्याम्
nidrā́bhyām
निद्राभ्यः
nidrā́bhyaḥ
Genitive निद्रायाः
nidrā́yāḥ
निद्रयोः
nidráyoḥ
निद्राणाम्
nidrā́ṇām
Locative निद्रायाम्
nidrā́yām
निद्रयोः
nidráyoḥ
निद्रासु
nidrā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Root[edit]

निद्रा (nidrā)

  1. to sleep

Derived terms[edit]