न्याय

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit न्याय (nyāya).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /njɑːj/, [n̪jäːj]

Noun[edit]

न्याय (nyāym

  1. justice, law
    न्याय न्यायी होना चाहिए।nyāy nyāyī honā cāhie.The law should be just.
    Synonym: क़ानून (qānūn)
  2. judgement, decision (as of a court)
  3. rule
    Synonym: नियम (niyam)
  4. (philosophy) Nyaya

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

न्याय (nyāyám

  1. that into which a thing goes back i.e. an original type, standard, method, rule, (esp.) a general or universal rule, model, axiom, system, plan, manner, right or fit manner or way, fitness, propriety
  2. a lawsuit, legal proceeding, judicial sentence, judgement
  3. a logical or syllogistic argument or inference (consisting of a combination of enthymeme and syllogism, and so having, according to the नैयायिकs 5 members, viz. प्रतिज्ञा, हेतु, उदाहरण, उपनय, निगमन, or according to the वेदान्तिन्s 3 members)
  4. a system of philosophy delivered by गोतम or गौतम (it is one of the six दर्शनस् q.v., and is perhaps so called, because it ‘goes into’ all subjects physical and metaphysical according to the above syllogistic method treated of in one division of the system ; its branch is called वैशेषिक)
  5. likeness, analogy, a popular maxim or apposite illustration (cf. काकाक्षि-, घुणाक्षर-, दण्डापूप. &c.)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of न्याय (nyāyá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative न्यायः
nyāyáḥ
न्यायौ
nyāyaú
न्यायाः / न्यायासः¹
nyāyā́ḥ / nyāyā́saḥ¹
Vocative न्याय
nyā́ya
न्यायौ
nyā́yau
न्यायाः / न्यायासः¹
nyā́yāḥ / nyā́yāsaḥ¹
Accusative न्यायम्
nyāyám
न्यायौ
nyāyaú
न्यायान्
nyāyā́n
Instrumental न्यायेन
nyāyéna
न्यायाभ्याम्
nyāyā́bhyām
न्यायैः / न्यायेभिः¹
nyāyaíḥ / nyāyébhiḥ¹
Dative न्यायाय
nyāyā́ya
न्यायाभ्याम्
nyāyā́bhyām
न्यायेभ्यः
nyāyébhyaḥ
Ablative न्यायात्
nyāyā́t
न्यायाभ्याम्
nyāyā́bhyām
न्यायेभ्यः
nyāyébhyaḥ
Genitive न्यायस्य
nyāyásya
न्याययोः
nyāyáyoḥ
न्यायानाम्
nyāyā́nām
Locative न्याये
nyāyé
न्याययोः
nyāyáyoḥ
न्यायेषु
nyāyéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Punjabi: ਨਿਆਂ (niā̃)
  • Hindi: न्याय (nyāy)
  • Telugu: న్యాయము (nyāyamu)