पस्त्य

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually connected with Old Armenian հաստ ‎(hast, firm, steady, standing still, tough; thick, dense, broad) and Proto-Germanic *fastuz ‎(fixed, firm, secure), and derived from Proto-Indo-European *pastV- ‎(solid, stable), implying "stable habitation". However, according to Martirosyan we are hardly dealing with a Proto-Indo-European word. This is rather a substrate word shared by Armenian, Germanic, possibly also Indo-Aryan. See հաստ ‎(hast) for more on this.

Kroonen separates Sanskrit from Armenian and Germanic and derives पस्त्य ‎(pastya) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂po-sth₂-io, with a question mark.

Noun[edit]

पस्त्य ‎(pastyán

  1. stall, stable (as the back-building?)

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of पस्त्य
Nom. sg. पस्त्यम् ‎(pastyam)
Gen. sg. पस्त्यस्य ‎(pastyasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पस्त्यम् ‎(pastyam) पस्त्ये ‎(pastye) पस्त्यानि ‎(pastyāni)
Vocative पस्त्य ‎(pastya) पस्त्ये ‎(pastye) पस्त्यानि ‎(pastyāni)
Accusative पस्त्यम् ‎(pastyam) पस्त्ये ‎(pastye) पस्त्यानि ‎(pastyāni)
Instrumental पस्त्येन ‎(pastyena) पस्त्याभ्याम् ‎(pastyābhyām) पस्त्यैः ‎(pastyaiḥ)
Dative पस्त्या ‎(pastyā) पस्त्याभ्याम् ‎(pastyābhyām) पस्त्येभ्यः ‎(pastyebhyaḥ)
Ablative पस्त्यात् ‎(pastyāt) पस्त्याभ्याम् ‎(pastyābhyām) पस्त्येभ्यः ‎(pastyebhyaḥ)
Genitive पस्त्यस्य ‎(pastyasya) पस्त्ययोः ‎(pastyayoḥ) पस्त्यानाम् ‎(pastyānām)
Locative पस्त्ये ‎(pastye) पस्त्ययोः ‎(pastyayoḥ) पस्त्येषु ‎(pastyeṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0612
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 111
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 204b
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “hast”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 390
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fastu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 138