प्राण

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit प्राण (prāṇa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

प्राण (prāṇm (Urdu spelling پران)

  1. vitality, life, spirit, animation
    उसका शरीर में कोई प्राण नहीं है।
    uskā śarīr mẽ koī prāṇ nahī̃ hai.
    No life is left in his body.
    Synonyms: जान (jān), दम (dam)
  2. (chiefly in compounds) breath

Declension[edit]

Declension of प्राण
singular plural
direct प्राण (prāṇ) प्राण (prāṇ)
oblique प्राण (prāṇ) प्राणों (prāṇõ)
vocative प्राण (prāṇ) प्राणो (prāṇo)

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “प्राण”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Sanskrit[edit]

Noun[edit]

प्राण (prāṇam

  1. breath, respiration
  2. the breath of life, vitality, life, vital air (usually plural in this sense)
  3. the first of the five life-winds or vital airs, which has its seat in the lungs (the other four being अपान (apāna), समान (samāna), व्यान (vyāna) and उदान (udāna))
  4. wind, inhaled air
  5. energy, vigor, strength, power (as in प्राणसार (prāṇasāra))
  6. the spirit or soul (as opposed to शरीर (śarīra))
  7. The Supreme Spirit (see आत्मन् (ātman))

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of प्राण
Nom. sg. प्राणः (prāṇaḥ)
Gen. sg. प्राणस्य (prāṇasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative प्राणः (prāṇaḥ) प्राणौ (prāṇau) प्राणाः (prāṇāḥ)
Vocative प्राण (prāṇa) प्राणौ (prāṇau) प्राणाः (prāṇāḥ)
Accusative प्राणम् (prāṇam) प्राणौ (prāṇau) प्राणान् (prāṇān)
Instrumental प्राणेन (prāṇena) प्राणाभ्याम् (prāṇābhyām) प्राणैः (prāṇaiḥ)
Dative प्राणाय (prāṇāya) प्राणाभ्याम् (prāṇābhyām) प्राणेभ्यः (prāṇebhyaḥ)
Ablative प्राणात् (prāṇāt) प्राणाभ्याम् (prāṇābhyām) प्राणेभ्यः (prāṇebhyaḥ)
Genitive प्राणस्य (prāṇasya) प्राणयोः (prāṇayoḥ) प्राणानाम् (prāṇānām)
Locative प्राणे (prāṇe) प्राणयोः (prāṇayoḥ) प्राणेषु (prāṇeṣu)

Descendants[edit]