प्राण

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit प्राण (prāṇa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /pɾɑːɳ/, [pɾä̃ːɳ]

Noun[edit]

प्राण (prāṇm (Urdu spellingپران⁩)

  1. vitality, life, spirit, animation
    Synonyms: जान (jān), दम (dam)
    उसके शरीर में कोई प्राण नहीं रहा।
    uske śarīr mẽ koī prāṇ nahī̃ rahā.
    There was no life left in his body.
  2. (chiefly in compounds) breath

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

प्र- (pra-) +‎ अन् (an).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

प्राण (prāṇá) stemm

  1. breath, respiration, the breath of life, vitality, life, vital air (usually plural in this sense)
  2. the first of the five life-winds or vital airs, which has its seat in the lungs (the other four being अपान (apāna), समान (samāna), व्यान (vyāna) and उदान (udāna))
  3. wind, inhaled air
  4. energy, vigor, strength, power (as in प्राणसार (prāṇasāra))
  5. the spirit or soul (as opposed to शरीर (śarīra))
  6. the Supreme Spirit (see आत्मन् (ātman))

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of प्राण (prāṇá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative प्राणः
prāṇáḥ
प्राणौ / प्राणा¹
prāṇaú / prāṇā́¹
प्राणाः / प्राणासः¹
prāṇā́ḥ / prāṇā́saḥ¹
Vocative प्राण
prā́ṇa
प्राणौ / प्राणा¹
prā́ṇau / prā́ṇā¹
प्राणाः / प्राणासः¹
prā́ṇāḥ / prā́ṇāsaḥ¹
Accusative प्राणम्
prāṇám
प्राणौ / प्राणा¹
prāṇaú / prāṇā́¹
प्राणान्
prāṇā́n
Instrumental प्राणेन
prāṇéna
प्राणाभ्याम्
prāṇā́bhyām
प्राणैः / प्राणेभिः¹
prāṇaíḥ / prāṇébhiḥ¹
Dative प्राणाय
prāṇā́ya
प्राणाभ्याम्
prāṇā́bhyām
प्राणेभ्यः
prāṇébhyaḥ
Ablative प्राणात्
prāṇā́t
प्राणाभ्याम्
prāṇā́bhyām
प्राणेभ्यः
prāṇébhyaḥ
Genitive प्राणस्य
prāṇásya
प्राणयोः
prāṇáyoḥ
प्राणानाम्
prāṇā́nām
Locative प्राणे
prāṇé
प्राणयोः
prāṇáyoḥ
प्राणेषु
prāṇéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “प्राण”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, pages 701/3, 705/1-2.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 188