बृहत्

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See also: बहुत

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *br̥hánt, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰrĵʰánts, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰérǵʰonts (high), a derivation of *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise), with cognates including Persian بالا (bālā, height) and بلند (boland, buland, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high), Tocharian A pärkär (long) and Old English burg (English borough).

The corresponding verbal Proto-Indo-European root *bʰerǵʰ- (to become high, rise, elevate) also gave Sanskrit बृंहति (bṛṃhati, to make strong, make lofty, firm) and ब्राह्मण (brāhmaṇa, Brahma).

Adjective[edit]

बृहत् (bṛhát)

  1. lofty, high, tall, great, large, wide, vast, abundant, compact, solid, massy, strong, mighty
  2. full-grown, old
  3. extended or bright (as a luminous body)
  4. clear, loud (said of sounds)

Usage notes[edit]

In later language usually written as वृहत (vṛhat).

Declension[edit]

Irregular masculine declension of बृहत्
Nom. sg. बृहन् (bṛhan)
Gen. sg. बृहतः (bṛhataḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative बृहन् (bṛhan) बृहन्तौ (bṛhantau) बृहन्त (bṛhanta)
Vocative बृहन् (bṛhan) बृहन्तौ (bṛhantau) बृहन्त (bṛhanta)
Accusative बृहन्तम् (bṛhantam) बृहन्तौ (bṛhantau) बृहतः (bṛhataḥ)
Instrumental बृहता (bṛhatā) बृहदभ्याम् (bṛhadabhyām) बृहदभिः (bṛhadabhiḥ)
Dative बृहते (bṛhate) बृहदभ्याम् (bṛhadabhyām) बृहदभ्य्ः (bṛhadabhyḥ)
Ablative बृहतः (bṛhataḥ) बृहदभ्याम् (bṛhadabhyām) बृहदभ्य्ः (bṛhadabhyḥ)
Genitive बृहतः (bṛhataḥ) बृहतोः (bṛhatoḥ) बृहताम (bṛhatāma)
Locative बृहति (bṛhati) बृहतोः (bṛhatoḥ) बृहतसु (bṛhatasu)
Feminine ī-stem declension of बृहत्
Nom. sg. बृहती (bṛhatī)
Gen. sg. बृहत्याः (bṛhatyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative बृहती (bṛhatī) बृहत्यौ (bṛhatyau) बृहत्यः (bṛhatyaḥ)
Vocative बृहति (bṛhati) बृहत्यौ (bṛhatyau) बृहत्यः (bṛhatyaḥ)
Accusative बृहतीम् (bṛhatīm) बृहत्यौ (bṛhatyau) बृहतीः (bṛhatīḥ)
Instrumental बृहत्या (bṛhatyā) बृहतीभ्याम् (bṛhatībhyām) बृहतीभिः (bṛhatībhiḥ)
Dative बृहत्यै (bṛhatyai) बृहतीभ्याम् (bṛhatībhyām) बृहतीभ्यः (bṛhatībhyaḥ)
Ablative बृहत्याः (bṛhatyāḥ) बृहतीभ्याम् (bṛhatībhyām) बृहतीभ्यः (bṛhatībhyaḥ)
Genitive बृहत्याः (bṛhatyāḥ) बृहत्योः (bṛhatyoḥ) बृहतीनाम् (bṛhatīnām)
Locative बृहत्याम् (bṛhatyām) बृहत्योः (bṛhatyoḥ) बृहतीषु (bṛhatīṣu)
Irregular neuter declension of बृहत्
Nom. sg. बृहत् (bṛhat)
Gen. sg. बृहतः (bṛhataḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative बृहत् (bṛhat) बृहन्ती / बृहती (bṛhantī / bṛhatī) बृहन्ति (bṛhanti)
Vocative बृहत् (bṛhat) बृहन्ती / बृहती (bṛhantī / bṛhatī) बृहन्ति (bṛhanti)
Accusative बृहत् (bṛhat) बृहन्ती / बृहती (bṛhantī / bṛhatī) बृहन्ति (bṛhanti)
Instrumental बृहता (bṛhatā) बृहदभ्याम् (bṛhadabhyām) बृहदभिः (bṛhadabhiḥ)
Dative बृहते (bṛhate) बृहदभ्याम् (bṛhadabhyām) बृहदभ्य्ः (bṛhadabhyḥ)
Ablative बृहतः (bṛhataḥ) बृहदभ्याम् (bṛhadabhyām) बृहदभ्य्ः (bṛhadabhyḥ)
Genitive बृहतः (bṛhataḥ) बृहतोः (bṛhatoḥ) बृहताम (bṛhatāma)
Locative बृहति (bṛhati) बृहतोः (bṛhatoḥ) बृहतसु (bṛhatasu)

Noun[edit]

बृहत् (bṛhátf

  1. a kind of vegetable

Noun[edit]

बृहत् (bṛhátm

  1. speech

Noun[edit]

बृहत् (bṛhátn

  1. height
  2. heaven, sky

Adverb[edit]

बृहत् (bṛhát)

  1. far and wide, on high
  2. firmly, compactly
  3. brightly
  4. greatly, much
  5. aloud