भक्त

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit भक्त (bhakta). Doublet of भात (bhāt) and बख़्त (baxt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भक्त (bhaktm (Urdu spelling بھکت‎)

  1. devotee, adorer
  2. zealot
  3. (politics, slang) bhakt (ardent right-wing Hindu nationalist netizen) [21st c.]
    • 2019 December 23, ज़फ़र आग़ा, “झारखंड: हिंदुत्व और ध्रुवीकरण की चाशनी में लिपटे ‘मोदी मैजिक’ के किले की बुनियाद हिलने लगी है”, in Navjivan[1]:
      लेकिन, राजनीति की जमीनी असलियत भक्तों को नजर नहीं आ रही।
      lekin, rājnīti kī jamīnī asliyat bhaktõ ko najar nahī̃ ā rahī.
      However, the bhakts do not understand the actual political situation.

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰaktás (distributed, allotted, share, portion), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂g-tó-s, from *bʰeh₂g- (to divide, distribute). Cognate with Avestan 𐬠𐬀𐬑𐬙𐬀(baxta), Persian بخت(baxt). Synchronically analysable as भज् (bhaj, to divide, distribute, root) +‎ -त (-ta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

भक्त (bhaktá)

  1. distributed, assigned, allotted
  2. engaged in, occupied with, loyal, faithful

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of भक्त (bhaktá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भक्तः
bhaktáḥ
भक्तौ
bhaktaú
भक्ताः / भक्तासः¹
bhaktā́ḥ / bhaktā́saḥ¹
Vocative भक्त
bhákta
भक्तौ
bháktau
भक्ताः / भक्तासः¹
bháktāḥ / bháktāsaḥ¹
Accusative भक्तम्
bhaktám
भक्तौ
bhaktaú
भक्तान्
bhaktā́n
Instrumental भक्तेन
bhakténa
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तैः / भक्तेभिः¹
bhaktaíḥ / bhaktébhiḥ¹
Dative भक्ताय
bhaktā́ya
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Ablative भक्तात्
bhaktā́t
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Genitive भक्तस्य
bhaktásya
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तानाम्
bhaktā́nām
Locative भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तेषु
bhaktéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of भक्ता (bhaktā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भक्ता
bhaktā́
भक्ते
bhakté
भक्ताः
bhaktā́ḥ
Vocative भक्ते
bhákte
भक्ते
bhákte
भक्ताः
bháktāḥ
Accusative भक्ताम्
bhaktā́m
भक्ते
bhakté
भक्ताः
bhaktā́ḥ
Instrumental भक्तया / भक्ता¹
bhaktáyā / bhaktā́¹
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्ताभिः
bhaktā́bhiḥ
Dative भक्तायै
bhaktā́yai
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्ताभ्यः
bhaktā́bhyaḥ
Ablative भक्तायाः
bhaktā́yāḥ
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्ताभ्यः
bhaktā́bhyaḥ
Genitive भक्तायाः
bhaktā́yāḥ
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तानाम्
bhaktā́nām
Locative भक्तायाम्
bhaktā́yām
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तासु
bhaktā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of भक्त (bhaktá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भक्तम्
bhaktám
भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तानि / भक्ता¹
bhaktā́ni / bhaktā́¹
Vocative भक्त
bhákta
भक्ते
bhákte
भक्तानि / भक्ता¹
bháktāni / bháktā¹
Accusative भक्तम्
bhaktám
भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तानि / भक्ता¹
bhaktā́ni / bhaktā́¹
Instrumental भक्तेन
bhakténa
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तैः / भक्तेभिः¹
bhaktaíḥ / bhaktébhiḥ¹
Dative भक्ताय
bhaktā́ya
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Ablative भक्तात्
bhaktā́t
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Genitive भक्तस्य
bhaktásya
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तानाम्
bhaktā́nām
Locative भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तेषु
bhaktéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Noun[edit]

भक्त (bhaktán

  1. share, portion
  2. food, meal
  3. boiled rice

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of भक्त (bhaktá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भक्तम्
bhaktám
भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तानि / भक्ता¹
bhaktā́ni / bhaktā́¹
Vocative भक्त
bhákta
भक्ते
bhákte
भक्तानि / भक्ता¹
bháktāni / bháktā¹
Accusative भक्तम्
bhaktám
भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तानि / भक्ता¹
bhaktā́ni / bhaktā́¹
Instrumental भक्तेन
bhakténa
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तैः / भक्तेभिः¹
bhaktaíḥ / bhaktébhiḥ¹
Dative भक्ताय
bhaktā́ya
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Ablative भक्तात्
bhaktā́t
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Genitive भक्तस्य
bhaktásya
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तानाम्
bhaktā́nām
Locative भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तेषु
bhaktéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

भक्त (bhaktám

  1. a worshipper

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of भक्त (bhaktá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भक्तः
bhaktáḥ
भक्तौ
bhaktaú
भक्ताः / भक्तासः¹
bhaktā́ḥ / bhaktā́saḥ¹
Vocative भक्त
bhákta
भक्तौ
bháktau
भक्ताः / भक्तासः¹
bháktāḥ / bháktāsaḥ¹
Accusative भक्तम्
bhaktám
भक्तौ
bhaktaú
भक्तान्
bhaktā́n
Instrumental भक्तेन
bhakténa
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तैः / भक्तेभिः¹
bhaktaíḥ / bhaktébhiḥ¹
Dative भक्ताय
bhaktā́ya
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Ablative भक्तात्
bhaktā́t
भक्ताभ्याम्
bhaktā́bhyām
भक्तेभ्यः
bhaktébhyaḥ
Genitive भक्तस्य
bhaktásya
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तानाम्
bhaktā́nām
Locative भक्ते
bhakté
भक्तयोः
bhaktáyoḥ
भक्तेषु
bhaktéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • भक्त॑” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 370, column 1.
  • Macdonell, Arthur Anthony (1893) , “भक्त”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, page 200.
  • Monier Williams (1899) , “Bhaktá”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 743, column 1.
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 610