भू

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: , , भृ, भा, and भी

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit भू (bhū).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /bʱuː/

Noun[edit]

भू (bhūf

  1. the Earth
    Synonyms: पृथ्वी (pŕthvī), धरती (dhartī)
  2. land, earth
    Synonyms: भूमि (bhūmi), ज़मीन (zamīn)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Marathi 𑘥𑘴 (bhū), from Sanskrit भू (bhū).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भू (bhūf

  1. the earth

Declension[edit]

Declension of भू (bhū)
direct
singular
भू
bhū
direct
plural
भवा
bhvā
singular plural
nominative भू
bhū
भवा
bhvā
oblique भू-
bhū-
भवां-
bhvāN-
dative भूला
bhūlā
भवांना
bhvāNnā
ergative भूने
bhūne
भवांनी
bhvāNni
instrumental भूशी
bhūśi
भवांशी
bhvāNśi
locative भूत
bhūt
भवांत
bhvāNt
vocative भू
bhū
भवांनो
bhvāNno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Dative Note: -स (-sa) is archaic. -ते (-te) is limited to literary usage.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of भू
masculine object feminine object neuter object oblique
singular plural singular plural singular* plural
singular subject भूचा
bhūċā
भूचे
bhūce
भूची
bhūci
भूच्या
bhūca
भूचे, भूचं
bhūce, bhūċa
भूची
bhūci
भूच्या
bhūca
plural subject भवांचा
bhvāNċā
भवांचे
bhvāNce
भवांची
bhvāNci
भवांच्या
bhvāNca
भवांचे, भवांचं
bhvāNce, bhvāNċa
भवांची
bhvāNci
भवांच्या
bhvāNca
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “भू”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “भू”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Shridhar Ganesh Vaze (1911), “भू”, in The Aryabhusan School Dictionary, Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press
  • Tulpule, Shankar Gopal; Feldhaus, Anne, “भू”, in A Dictionary of Old Marathi, Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, 1999.

Old Marathi[edit]

Noun[edit]

भू (bhūf

  1. Devanagari form of 𑘥𑘴 (bhū)

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

भू f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhū (the earth)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

भू f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhū (eyebrow)

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to appear, become, be, grow, rise up). Cognates include Ancient Greek φύω (phúō), Avestan 𐬠𐬎(bu), Latin fui, fīō, Proto-Germanic *buskaz, *beuną, and Old English beon (whence English be).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भू (bhū́f

  1. the act of becoming or arising
  2. the place of being, space, world or universe
  3. the earth (as constituting one of the 3 worlds)
  4. (figuratively) one (number)
  5. earth (as a substance), ground, soil, land, landed property
  6. floor, pavement
  7. a place, spot, piece of ground
  8. the base of any geometric figure
  9. object, matter
  10. a sacrificial fire

Declension[edit]

Feminine ū-stem declension of भू (bhū́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भूः
bhū́ḥ
भुवौ
bhúvau
भुवः
bhúvaḥ
Vocative भूः
bhū́ḥ
भुवौ
bhúvau
भुवः
bhúvaḥ
Accusative भुवम्
bhúvam
भुवौ
bhúvau
भुवः
bhúvaḥ
Instrumental भुवा
bhuvā́
भूभ्याम्
bhūbhyā́m
भूभिः
bhūbhíḥ
Dative भुवे / भुवै¹
bhuvé / bhuvaí¹
भूभ्याम्
bhūbhyā́m
भूभ्यः
bhūbhyáḥ
Ablative भुवः / भुवाः¹
bhuváḥ / bhuvā́ḥ¹
भूभ्याम्
bhūbhyā́m
भूभ्यः
bhūbhyáḥ
Genitive भुवः / भुवाः¹
bhuváḥ / bhuvā́ḥ¹
भुवोः
bhuvóḥ
भुवाम् / भूनाम्¹
bhuvā́m / bhūnā́m¹
Locative भुवि / भुवाम्¹
bhuví / bhuvā́m¹
भुवोः
bhuvóḥ
भूषु
bhūṣú
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit

Descendants[edit]

  • Pali: bhū
  • Hindi: भू (bhū)

Root[edit]

भू (bhū)

  1. to be

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “भू”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0760.
  • William Dwight Whitney, 1885, The Roots, Verb-forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language, Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, page 113
  • Otto Böhtlingk; Richard Schmidt (1879-1928), “भू”, in Walter Slaje, Jürgen Hanneder, Paul Molitor, Jörg Ritter, editors, Nachtragswörterbuch des Sanskrit [Dictionary of Sanskrit with supplements] (in German), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, published 2016