मधु

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: मृध and मेध

Bhojpuri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit मधु (mádhu).

Noun[edit]

मधु (madhu? (Kaithi 𑂧𑂡𑂳)

  1. honey

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit मधु (mádhu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मधु (madhum (Urdu spelling مدھو‎)

  1. honey
    हर मधुमक्खी रानी के लिए मधु बनाता है।
    har madhumakkhī rānī ke lie madhu banātā hai.
    Every honeybee makes honey for the queen.
    Synonym: शहद (śahad)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “मधु”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

मधु n

  1. Devanagari script form of madhu

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *mádʰu, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mádʰu, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu (honey, wine). Cognate with Ancient Greek μέθυ (méthu), Lithuanian medùs, Old Church Slavonic медъ (medŭ, honey), Old English medu (whence English mead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मधु (mádhun

  1. anything sweet (especially if liquid), mead etc.
  2. honey (said to possess intoxicating qualities and to be of 8 kinds)
    • RV 2.39.6a
      ओष्ठाविव मध्वास्ने वदन्ता सतनाविव पिप्यतं जीवसेनः |
      नासेव नस्तन्वो रक्षितारा कर्णाविव सुश्रुता भूतमस्मे ||
      oṣṭhāviva madhvāsne vadantā stanāviva pipyataṃ jīvasenaḥ |
      nāseva nastanvo rakṣitārā karṇāviva suśrutā bhūtamasme ||
      Even as two lips that with the mouth speak honey, even as two breasts that nourish our existence,
      Like the two nostrils that protect our being, be to us as our ears that hear distinctly.
  3. milk or anything produced from milk (as butter, ghee etc.)
  4. the juice or nectar of flowers, any sweet intoxicating drink, wine or spirituous liquor
  5. sugar
  6. water
  7. pyrites
  8. a kind of metre

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem declension of मधु (mádhu)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मधु
mádhu
मधुनी
mádhunī
मधू / मधु / मधूनि¹
mádhū / mádhu / mádhūni¹
Vocative मधु / मधो
mádhu / mádho
मधुनी
mádhunī
मधू / मधु / मधूनि¹
mádhū / mádhu / mádhūni¹
Accusative मधु
mádhu
मधुनी
mádhunī
मधू / मधु / मधूनि¹
mádhū / mádhu / mádhūni¹
Instrumental मधुना / मध्वा²
mádhunā / mádhvā²
मधुभ्याम्
mádhubhyām
मधुभिः
mádhubhiḥ
Dative मधवे / मध्वे³
mádhave / mádhve³
मधुभ्याम्
mádhubhyām
मधुभ्यः
mádhubhyaḥ
Ablative मधोः / मधुनः¹ / मध्वः³
mádhoḥ / mádhunaḥ¹ / mádhvaḥ³
मधुभ्याम्
mádhubhyām
मधुभ्यः
mádhubhyaḥ
Genitive मधोः / मधुनः¹ / मध्वः³
mádhoḥ / mádhunaḥ¹ / mádhvaḥ³
मधुनोः
mádhunoḥ
मधूनाम्
mádhūnām
Locative मधुनि¹
mádhuni¹
मधुनोः
mádhunoḥ
मधुषु
mádhuṣu
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit
  • ²Vedic
  • ³Less common

Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

मधु (madhum

  1. Name of the first month of the year - Chaitra, the season of spring.
  2. Name of Shiva.
  3. Name of a demon killed by Vishnu.

References[edit]