मधु

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: मृध and मेध

Bhojpuri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit मधु (madhu).

Noun[edit]

मधु (madhu? (Kaithi 𑂧𑂡𑂳)

  1. honey

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit मधु (mádhu).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /mə.d̪ʱuː/

Noun[edit]

मधु (madhum (Urdu spelling مدھو‎)

  1. honey
    हर मधुमक्खी रानी के लिए मधु बनाती है।
    har madhumakkhī rānī ke lie madhu banātī hai.
    Every honeybee makes honey for the queen.
    Synonym: शहद (śahad)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “मधु”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

मधु n

  1. Devanagari script form of madhu

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *mádʰu (honey, wine), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu (honey, wine, mead). Cognate with Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬜𐬎(maδu), Ancient Greek μέθυ (méthu), Lithuanian medùs, Old Church Slavonic медъ (medŭ, honey), Old English medu (whence English mead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मधु (mádhun

  1. honey
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 2.39.6:
      ओष्ठाविव मध्व्आस्ने वदन्ता स्तनाविव पिप्यतं जीवसे नः ।
      नासेव नस्तन्वो रक्षितारा कर्णाविव सुश्रुता भूतमस्मे ॥
      oṣṭhāviva madhvāsne vadantā stanāviva pipyataṃ jīvase naḥ .
      nāseva nastanvo rakṣitārā karṇāviva suśrutā bhūtamasme .
      Like two lips that with the mouth speak honey, like two breasts that nourish our existence,
      Like the two nostrils that protect our being, be to us like our ears that hear distinctly.
  2. mead; any sweet liquid
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 7.38.8:
      वाजेवाजेऽवत वाजिनो नो धनेषु विप्रा अमृता ऋतज्ञाः ।
      अस्य मध्वः पिबत मादयध्वं तृप्ता यात पथिभिर्देवयानैः ॥
      vājevāje’vata vājino no dhaneṣu viprā amṛtā ṛtajñāḥ .
      asya madhvaḥ pibata mādayadhvaṃ tṛptā yāta pathibhirdevayānaiḥ .
      Deep-skilled in Law eternal, deathless, Singers, O Vajins, help us in each fray for booty.
      Drink of this mead, be satisfied, be joyful: then go on paths which Gods are wont to travel.
  3. the juice or nectar of flowers, any sweet intoxicating drink, wine or spirituous liquor
  4. (poetic) milk or anything produced from milk (as butter, ghee etc.)

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem declension of मधु (mádhu)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मधु
mádhu
मधुनी
mádhunī
मधू / मधु / मधूनि¹
mádhū / mádhu / mádhūni¹
Vocative मधु / मधो
mádhu / mádho
मधुनी
mádhunī
मधू / मधु / मधूनि¹
mádhū / mádhu / mádhūni¹
Accusative मधु
mádhu
मधुनी
mádhunī
मधू / मधु / मधूनि¹
mádhū / mádhu / mádhūni¹
Instrumental मधुना / मध्वा²
mádhunā / mádhvā²
मधुभ्याम्
mádhubhyām
मधुभिः
mádhubhiḥ
Dative मधवे / मध्वे³
mádhave / mádhve³
मधुभ्याम्
mádhubhyām
मधुभ्यः
mádhubhyaḥ
Ablative मधोः / मधुनः¹ / मध्वः³
mádhoḥ / mádhunaḥ¹ / mádhvaḥ³
मधुभ्याम्
mádhubhyām
मधुभ्यः
mádhubhyaḥ
Genitive मधोः / मधुनः¹ / मध्वः³
mádhoḥ / mádhunaḥ¹ / mádhvaḥ³
मधुनोः
mádhunoḥ
मधूनाम्
mádhūnām
Locative मधुनि
mádhuni
मधुनोः
mádhunoḥ
मधुषु
mádhuṣu
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit
  • ²Vedic
  • ³Less common

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

मधु (madhum

  1. name of the first month of the year - Chaitra, the season of spring
  2. name of Shiva
  3. name of a demon killed by Vishnu

References[edit]