यज्ञ

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit यज्ञ (yajñá). Doublet of जशन (jaśan).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /jəɡ.jᵊ/, [jɐɡ.jᵊ]

Noun[edit]

यज्ञ (yajñam

  1. (chiefly Hinduism) sacrifice, oblation

Declension[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hyaȷ́nás. Cognate with Avestan𐬫𐬀𐬯𐬥𐬀(yasna, act of worship), Latin ieiunus (fasting, abstinent), Persianجشن(jašn, festival). The Sanskrit root is यज् (yaj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

यज्ञ (yajñá) stemm

  1. worship, devotion, prayer, praise
  2. act of worship or devotion, offering, oblation, sacrifice
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.1.1:
      अ॒ग्निमी॑ळे पु॒रोहि॑तं य॒ज्ञस्य॑ दे॒वमृ॒त्विज॑म् ।
      होता॑रं रत्न॒धात॑मम् ॥
      agnimīḷe purohitaṃ yajñasya devamṛtvijam .
      hotāraṃ ratnadhātamam .
      I glorify Agni, the high priest of the sacrifice, the divine, the ministrant, who presents the oblation to the gods, and is possessor of great wealth
  3. a worshipper, sacrificer
  4. fire
  5. Sacrifice personified

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of यज्ञ (yajñá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative यज्ञः
yajñáḥ
यज्ञौ / यज्ञा¹
yajñaú / yajñā́¹
यज्ञाः / यज्ञासः¹
yajñā́ḥ / yajñā́saḥ¹
Vocative यज्ञ
yájña
यज्ञौ / यज्ञा¹
yájñau / yájñā¹
यज्ञाः / यज्ञासः¹
yájñāḥ / yájñāsaḥ¹
Accusative यज्ञम्
yajñám
यज्ञौ / यज्ञा¹
yajñaú / yajñā́¹
यज्ञान्
yajñā́n
Instrumental यज्ञेन
yajñéna
यज्ञाभ्याम्
yajñā́bhyām
यज्ञैः / यज्ञेभिः¹
yajñaíḥ / yajñébhiḥ¹
Dative यज्ञाय
yajñā́ya
यज्ञाभ्याम्
yajñā́bhyām
यज्ञेभ्यः
yajñébhyaḥ
Ablative यज्ञात्
yajñā́t
यज्ञाभ्याम्
yajñā́bhyām
यज्ञेभ्यः
yajñébhyaḥ
Genitive यज्ञस्य
yajñásya
यज्ञयोः
yajñáyoḥ
यज्ञानाम्
yajñā́nām
Locative यज्ञे
yajñé
यज्ञयोः
yajñáyoḥ
यज्ञेषु
yajñéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “यज्ञ”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 839/2.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 394