रति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From रम्(ram)

Noun[edit]

रति (ratif

  1. rest, repose.
  2. pleasure, enjoyment, delight in, fondness for (loc. or comp. ; रतिम् with √ आप्, लभ्, उप-लभ्, अधि-गम्, विद्कृ or बन्ध् and loc., ‘ to find pleasure in ’).
  3. the pleasure of love, sexual passion or union, amorous enjoyment (often personified as one of the two wives of काम-देव, together with प्रीति q.v.).
  4. the pudenda.
  5. = रति-गृह, pleasure-house.
  6. Name of the sixth कल of the Moon.
  7. Name of an अप्सरस्.
  8. Name of the wife of विभु (mother of पृथु-षेण).
  9. Name of a magical incantation recited over weapons.
  10. Name of the letter न्.
  11. Name of a metre.

Declension[edit]

Feminine i-stem declension of रति
Nom. sg. रतिः(ratiḥ)
Gen. sg. रत्याः / रतेः(ratyāḥ / rateḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रतिः(ratiḥ) रती(ratī) रतयः(ratayaḥ)
Vocative रते(rate) रती(ratī) रतयः(ratayaḥ)
Accusative रतिम्(ratim) रती(ratī) रतीः(ratīḥ)
Instrumental रत्या(ratyā) रतिभ्याम्(ratibhyām) रतिभिः(ratibhiḥ)
Dative रत्यै / रतये(ratyai / rataye) रतिभ्याम्(ratibhyām) रतिभ्यः(ratibhyaḥ)
Ablative रत्याः / रतेः(ratyāḥ / rateḥ) रतिभ्याम्(ratibhyām) रतिभ्यः(ratibhyaḥ)
Genitive रत्याः / रतेः(ratyāḥ / rateḥ) रत्योः(ratyoḥ) रतीनाम्(ratīnām)
Locative रत्याम् / रतौ(ratyām / ratau) रत्योः(ratyoḥ) रतिषु(ratiṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0867