रत्न

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Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sanskrit रत्न (ratna).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): [ɾəˈt̪ən̪]

Noun[edit]

रत्न (ratnam

  1. jewel, gem, precious stone
  2. treasure

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit रत्न (ratna).[1]

Noun[edit]

रत्न (ratnan

  1. gem, jewel, precious stone[1]
  2. collective term for 14 precious things generated during Samudra manthan.[1]
  3. (figuratively) term of praise for an excellent thing in general; jewel[1]

Derived terms[edit]

(Adjectives)

(Noun)

Related terms[edit]

(Adjectives)

(Nouns)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “रत्न”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sanskrit रत्न (ratna).

Noun[edit]

रत्न (ratna)

  1. gem, jewel

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From राति (√rā, to grant, give, bestow).

Noun[edit]

रत्न (rátnan

  1. gift, present, goods, wealth, riches (RV., AV., ŚBr.)
  2. jewel, gem, treasure, precious stone (the nine jewel are pearl, ruby, topaz, diamond, emerald, lapis lazuli, coral, sapphire, गोमेद​ (gomeda); hence ratna is a name for the number 9; but according to some 14) (Mn. MBh. etc.)
  3. anything valuable or best of its kind (e. g. पुत्ररत्न​ (putra-ratna, an excellent son))
  4. magnet, loadstone (Kap., Sch.) (compare मणि (maṇi))
  5. water (L.)
  6. = रत्नहविस् (ratna-havis) (ŚBr.)

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of रत्न
Nom. sg. रत्नम् (ratnam)
Gen. sg. रत्नस्य (ratnasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रत्नम् (ratnam) रत्ने (ratne) रत्नानि (ratnāni)
Vocative रत्न (ratna) रत्ने (ratne) रत्नानि (ratnāni)
Accusative रत्नम् (ratnam) रत्ने (ratne) रत्नानि (ratnāni)
Instrumental रत्नेन (ratnena) रत्नाभ्याम् (ratnābhyām) रत्नैः (ratnaiḥ)
Dative रत्नाय (ratnāya) रत्नाभ्याम् (ratnābhyām) रत्नेभ्यः (ratnebhyaḥ)
Ablative रत्नात् (ratnāt) रत्नाभ्याम् (ratnābhyām) रत्नेभ्यः (ratnebhyaḥ)
Genitive रत्नस्य (ratnasya) रत्नयोः (ratnayoḥ) रत्नानाम् (ratnānām)
Locative रत्ने (ratne) रत्नयोः (ratnayoḥ) रत्नेषु (ratneṣu)


Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Haughton, Graves C. (1833), “ৰত্ন”, in A Dictionary, Bengálí and Sanskrit, Explained in English, and Adapted for Students of Either Language[1], London: J. L. Cox & Son, page 2373
  • Monier Williams (1899), “रत्न”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0864.