रत्न

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Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sanskrit रत्न(ratna).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): [ɾəˈt̪ən̪]

Noun[edit]

रत्न ‎(ratnam

  1. jewel, gem, precious stone
  2. treasure

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sanskrit रत्न(ratna).

Noun[edit]

रत्न ‎(ratna)

  1. gem, jewel

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From राति(√rā, to grant, give, bestow).

Noun[edit]

रत्न ‎(rátnan

  1. gift, present, goods, wealth, riches (RV., AV., ŚBr.)
  2. jewel, gem, treasure, precious stone (the nine jewel are pearl, ruby, topaz, diamond, emerald, lapis lazuli, coral, sapphire, गोमेद​(gomeda); hence ratna is a name for the number 9; but according to some 14) (Mn. MBh. etc.)
  3. anything valuable or best of its kind (e. g. पुत्ररत्न​(putra-ratna, an excellent son))
  4. magnet, loadstone (Kap., Sch.) (compare मणि(maṇi))
  5. water (L.)
  6. = रत्नहविस्(ratna-havis) (ŚBr.)

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of रत्न
Nom. sg. रत्नम्(ratnam)
Gen. sg. रत्नस्य(ratnasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रत्नम्(ratnam) रत्ने(ratne) रत्नानि(ratnāni)
Vocative रत्न(ratna) रत्ने(ratne) रत्नानि(ratnāni)
Accusative रत्नम्(ratnam) रत्ने(ratne) रत्नानि(ratnāni)
Instrumental रत्नेन(ratnena) रत्नाभ्याम्(ratnābhyām) रत्नैः(ratnaiḥ)
Dative रत्ना(ratnā) रत्नाभ्याम्(ratnābhyām) रत्नेभ्यः(ratnebhyaḥ)
Ablative रत्नात्(ratnāt) रत्नाभ्याम्(ratnābhyām) रत्नेभ्यः(ratnebhyaḥ)
Genitive रत्नस्य(ratnasya) रत्नयोः(ratnayoḥ) रत्नानाम्(ratnānām)
Locative रत्ने(ratne) रत्नयोः(ratnayoḥ) रत्नेषु(ratneṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0864