वीर

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit वीर (vīrá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wiHrás, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

वीर (vīr) (indeclinable)

  1. heroic, brave

Noun[edit]

वीर (vīrm

  1. hero, fighter, one who is brave

Declension[edit]


Kashmiri[edit]

Noun[edit]

वीर (wīrm (Perso-Arabic ویٖر‎)

  1. a hero

Noun[edit]

वीर (wīrf (Perso-Arabic ویٖر‎)

  1. white willow (Salix alba)

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

वीर

  1. Devanagari script form of vīra

Noun[edit]

वीर m

  1. Devanagari script form of vīra

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wiHrás (man), from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós (man). Cognate with Avestan 𐬬𐬍𐬭𐬀(vīra), Latin vir (man), Lithuanian výras, Old Irish fer, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂 (wair), Old Norse verr, Old English wer (whence English wer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

वीर (vīrám

  1. a man, especially a brave or eminent man, hero, chief
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.7.3:
      त्वद्विप्रो जायते वाज्यग्ने त्वद्वीरासो अभिमातिषाहः ।
      tvadvipro jāyate vājyagne tvadvīrāso abhimātiṣāhaḥ .
      From thee, O Agni, springs the mighty singer, from thee come heroes who subdue the foeman.
  2. hero
  3. husband
  4. male child, son
  5. the male of an animal
  6. heroism

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of वीर (vīrá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वीरः
vīráḥ
वीरौ
vīraú
वीराः / वीरासः¹
vīrā́ḥ / vīrā́saḥ¹
Vocative वीर
vī́ra
वीरौ
vī́rau
वीराः / वीरासः¹
vī́rāḥ / vī́rāsaḥ¹
Accusative वीरम्
vīrám
वीरौ
vīraú
वीरान्
vīrā́n
Instrumental वीरेण
vīréṇa
वीराभ्याम्
vīrā́bhyām
वीरैः / वीरेभिः¹
vīraíḥ / vīrébhiḥ¹
Dative वीराय
vīrā́ya
वीराभ्याम्
vīrā́bhyām
वीरेभ्यः
vīrébhyaḥ
Ablative वीरात्
vīrā́t
वीराभ्याम्
vīrā́bhyām
वीरेभ्यः
vīrébhyaḥ
Genitive वीरस्य
vīrásya
वीरयोः
vīráyoḥ
वीराणाम्
vīrā́ṇām
Locative वीरे
vīré
वीरयोः
vīráyoḥ
वीरेषु
vīréṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Adjective[edit]

वीर (vīrá)

  1. heroic, powerful, strong, excellent, eminent

Borrowed terms[edit]

  • Hindi: वीर (vīr)
  • Indonesian: wira
  • Javanese: wira
  • Kannada: ವೀರ (vīra)
  • Malay: wira
  • Marathi: वीर (vīr)

Descendants[edit]

  • Dardic: *vīrá
    • Dameli: [script needed] (bīra, male, he-goat)
    • Gawar-Bati: [script needed] (heriu, husband)
    • Kalami: [script needed] (bīr, he-goat)
    • Kalasha: [script needed] (bīra, male, he-goat), [script needed] (birãe, male)
    • Kashmiri: ویٖر(vīr, brave man)
    • Kohistani Shina: [script needed] (bīro, male)
    • Northwest Pashayi: [script needed] (wīr, man)
    • Phalura: [script needed] (bhīrɔ̄, male), [script needed] (bhīro, he-goat)
    • Shina: [script needed] (bīro, male)
    • Tirahi: [script needed] (bir, male)
  • Helu:
  • Magadhi Prakrit: 𑀯𑀻𑀭 (vīra)
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀯𑀻𑀭 (vīra)
  • Pali: vīra
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀯𑀻𑀭 (vīra)

References[edit]

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “vīrá”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.