वृक्ष

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit वृक्ष (vṛkṣa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʋɾɪkʂ/, [ʋɾɪkʃ]

Noun[edit]

वृक्ष (vŕkṣm

  1. tree
    Synonyms: दरख़्त (daraxt), पादप (pādap), पेड़ (peṛ)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit वृक्ष (vṛkṣa). Compare Gujarati વૃક્ષ (vṛkṣ), Kannada ವೃಕ್ಷ (vṛkṣa), Bengali বৃক্ষ (brikkh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

वृक्ष (vrukṣam

  1. tree
    Synonym: झाड (jhāḍ)

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “वृक्ष”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “वृक्ष”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Date, Yasavanta Ramakrshna (1932-1950), “वृक्ष”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala.

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wr̥ćšás (tree). Cognate with Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬱𐬀(varəša).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

वृक्ष (vṛkṣám

  1. a tree, (especially) any tree bearing visible flowers and fruit, but also applied to any tree and other plants, often in the sense of wood
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.24.3:
      अक्षो न चक्र्योः शूर बृहन्प्र ते मह्ना रिरिचे रोदस्योः ।
      वृक्षस्य नु ते पुरुहूत वया व्यूतयो रुरुहुरिन्द्र पूर्वीः ॥
      akṣo na cakryoḥ śūra bṛhanpra te mahnā ririce rodasyoḥ .
      vṛkṣasya nu te puruhūta vayā vyūtayo ruruhurindra pūrvīḥ .
      The lofty axle of thy wheels, O Hero, is not surpassed by heaven and earth in greatness.
      Like branches of a tree, O thou Invoked by many, manifold assistance spring forth from thee, O Indra.
  2. tree trunk
  3. coffin
  4. the staff of a bow
  5. Wrightia antidysenterica

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of वृक्ष (vṛkṣá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वृक्षः
vṛkṣáḥ
वृक्षौ
vṛkṣaú
वृक्षाः / वृक्षासः¹
vṛkṣā́ḥ / vṛkṣā́saḥ¹
Vocative वृक्ष
vṛ́kṣa
वृक्षौ
vṛ́kṣau
वृक्षाः / वृक्षासः¹
vṛ́kṣāḥ / vṛ́kṣāsaḥ¹
Accusative वृक्षम्
vṛkṣám
वृक्षौ
vṛkṣaú
वृक्षान्
vṛkṣā́n
Instrumental वृक्षेण
vṛkṣéṇa
वृक्षाभ्याम्
vṛkṣā́bhyām
वृक्षैः / वृक्षेभिः¹
vṛkṣaíḥ / vṛkṣébhiḥ¹
Dative वृक्षाय
vṛkṣā́ya
वृक्षाभ्याम्
vṛkṣā́bhyām
वृक्षेभ्यः
vṛkṣébhyaḥ
Ablative वृक्षात्
vṛkṣā́t
वृक्षाभ्याम्
vṛkṣā́bhyām
वृक्षेभ्यः
vṛkṣébhyaḥ
Genitive वृक्षस्य
vṛkṣásya
वृक्षयोः
vṛkṣáyoḥ
वृक्षाणाम्
vṛkṣā́ṇām
Locative वृक्षे
vṛkṣé
वृक्षयोः
vṛkṣáyoḥ
वृक्षेषु
vṛkṣéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

Borrowed terms[edit]