वे

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See also: , ॿ, , वृ, and -व

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Hindi वे (ve), वै (vai), from Sauraseni Apabhramsa ओइ (oi), perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit *अव (ava), attested in अवोष् (avoṣ), अवोर् (avor, of you both, gen. du.), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *avá. Compare Avestan 𐬀𐬬𐬀(ava).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

वे (vem pl or f pl (Urdu spelling وہ‎) (demonstrative)

  1. they, those (singular वह (vah))
    वे अच्छे लोग हैं।ve acche log ha͠i.They are good people.
    उन मकानों में छह कमरे हैं।
    un makānõ mẽ chah kamre ha͠i.
    In those houses there are six rooms.
  2. he (far reference, polite)
  3. she (far reference, polite)

Inflection[edit]

Declension of वे
dir. sg. वह (vah)
dir. pl. वे (ve)
singular plural
direct वह (vah) वे (ve)
indirect उस (us) उन (un)
ergative उसने (usne) उन्होंने (unhõṅne)
genitive उसका (uskā) उनका (unkā)
dative उसे (use), उसको (usko) उन्हें (unhẽ)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jaroslav Strnad (2013) Morphology and Syntax of Old Hindī : Edition and Analysis of One Hundred Kabīr Vānī Poems From Rājasthān (Brill's Indological Library; 45), Leiden, OCLC 853683653, page 285
  2. ^ Oberlies, Thomas (2005) A Historical Grammar of Hindi, Grazer Vergleichende Arbeiten, →ISBN, page 23

Further reading[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “वे”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884) , “वे”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Sanskrit[edit]

Noun[edit]

वे (ve)

  1. vocative singular of वि (vi) ― O bird