सम्मुख

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit सम्मुख (sam-mukhá); synchronically analysable as सम्- (sam-) +‎ मुख (mukh). Cognate with Marathi सम्मुख (sammukh). Doublet of सामना (sāmnā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /səm.mʊkʰ/, [s̪ə̃m.mʊkʰ]

Adjective[edit]

सम्मुख (sammukh) (indeclinable, Urdu spelling سمکھ‎) (rare, formal)

  1. facing, face to face with
  2. opposing, competing
  3. adapted to circumstances, fit, suitable

Adverb[edit]

सम्मुख (sammukh) (Urdu spelling سمکھ‎)

  1. in front of

References[edit]

  • Syamasundara Dasa (1965–1975) , “सम्मुख”, in Hindi Sabdasagara [Comprehensive Hindi Dictionary] (in Hindi), Kashi [Varanasi]: Nagari Pracarini Sabha.
  • सम्मुख”, in Rekhta Urdu Dictionary, Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2021.
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “सम्मुख”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884) , “सम्मुख”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit सम्मुख (sam-mukhá). Cognate with Hindustani सम्मुख / سمکھ(sammukh). Doublet of सामना (sāmnā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /səm.mukʰ/, [səm.muːkʰ]

Adjective[edit]

सम्मुख (sammukh)

  1. facing or fronting, having the face opposed to, or being opposed to the face of

References[edit]

  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857) , “सम्मुख”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Yasavanta Ramakrshna Date (1932-1950) , “सम्मुख”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From सम्- (sam-) +‎ मुख (múkha).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

सम्मुख (sam-mukhá)

  1. facing, fronting, confronting, being face to face or in front of or opposite to
  2. present before the eyes
  3. being about to begin or at the beginning of
  4. directed or turned towards
  5. inclined or favourable to, propitious
  6. intent upon
  7. adapted to circumstances, fit, suitable
  8. with the mouth or face

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of सम्मुख (sammukhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सम्मुखः
sammukháḥ
सम्मुखौ
sammukhaú
सम्मुखाः / सम्मुखासः¹
sammukhā́ḥ / sammukhā́saḥ¹
Vocative सम्मुख
sámmukha
सम्मुखौ
sámmukhau
सम्मुखाः / सम्मुखासः¹
sámmukhāḥ / sámmukhāsaḥ¹
Accusative सम्मुखम्
sammukhám
सम्मुखौ
sammukhaú
सम्मुखान्
sammukhā́n
Instrumental सम्मुखेन
sammukhéna
सम्मुखाभ्याम्
sammukhā́bhyām
सम्मुखैः / सम्मुखेभिः¹
sammukhaíḥ / sammukhébhiḥ¹
Dative सम्मुखाय
sammukhā́ya
सम्मुखाभ्याम्
sammukhā́bhyām
सम्मुखेभ्यः
sammukhébhyaḥ
Ablative सम्मुखात्
sammukhā́t
सम्मुखाभ्याम्
sammukhā́bhyām
सम्मुखेभ्यः
sammukhébhyaḥ
Genitive सम्मुखस्य
sammukhásya
सम्मुखयोः
sammukháyoḥ
सम्मुखानाम्
sammukhā́nām
Locative सम्मुखे
sammukhé
सम्मुखयोः
sammukháyoḥ
सम्मुखेषु
sammukhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ī-stem declension of सम्मुखी (sammukhī́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सम्मुखी
sammukhī́
सम्मुख्यौ / सम्मुखी¹
sammukhyaù / sammukhī́¹
सम्मुख्यः / सम्मुखीः¹
sammukhyàḥ / sammukhī́ḥ¹
Vocative सम्मुखि
sámmukhi
सम्मुख्यौ / सम्मुखी¹
sámmukhyau / sammukhī́¹
सम्मुख्यः / सम्मुखीः¹
sámmukhyaḥ / sámmukhīḥ¹
Accusative सम्मुखीम्
sammukhī́m
सम्मुख्यौ / सम्मुखी¹
sammukhyaù / sammukhī́¹
सम्मुखीः
sammukhī́ḥ
Instrumental सम्मुख्या
sammukhyā̀
सम्मुखीभ्याम्
sammukhī́bhyām
सम्मुखीभिः
sammukhī́bhiḥ
Dative सम्मुख्यै
sammukhyaì
सम्मुखीभ्याम्
sammukhī́bhyām
सम्मुखीभ्यः
sammukhī́bhyaḥ
Ablative सम्मुख्याः
sammukhyā̀ḥ
सम्मुखीभ्याम्
sammukhī́bhyām
सम्मुखीभ्यः
sammukhī́bhyaḥ
Genitive सम्मुख्याः
sammukhyā̀ḥ
सम्मुख्योः
sammukhyòḥ
सम्मुखीनाम्
sammukhī́nām
Locative सम्मुख्याम्
sammukhyā̀m
सम्मुख्योः
sammukhyòḥ
सम्मुखीषु
sammukhī́ṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of सम्मुख (sammukhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सम्मुखम्
sammukhám
सम्मुखे
sammukhé
सम्मुखानि / सम्मुखा¹
sammukhā́ni / sammukhā́¹
Vocative सम्मुख
sámmukha
सम्मुखे
sámmukhe
सम्मुखानि / सम्मुखा¹
sámmukhāni / sámmukhā¹
Accusative सम्मुखम्
sammukhám
सम्मुखे
sammukhé
सम्मुखानि / सम्मुखा¹
sammukhā́ni / sammukhā́¹
Instrumental सम्मुखेन
sammukhéna
सम्मुखाभ्याम्
sammukhā́bhyām
सम्मुखैः / सम्मुखेभिः¹
sammukhaíḥ / sammukhébhiḥ¹
Dative सम्मुखाय
sammukhā́ya
सम्मुखाभ्याम्
sammukhā́bhyām
सम्मुखेभ्यः
sammukhébhyaḥ
Ablative सम्मुखात्
sammukhā́t
सम्मुखाभ्याम्
sammukhā́bhyām
सम्मुखेभ्यः
sammukhébhyaḥ
Genitive सम्मुखस्य
sammukhásya
सम्मुखयोः
sammukháyoḥ
सम्मुखानाम्
sammukhā́nām
Locative सम्मुखे
sammukhé
सम्मुखयोः
sammukháyoḥ
सम्मुखेषु
sammukhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “saṁmukhá (12982)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Further reading[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899) , “सम्मुख”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1180, column 3.
  • संमुख – Apte, Vaman Shivaram. Revised and enlarged edition of Prin. V. S. Apte's The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary. Poona: Prasad Prakashan, 1957-1959. 3v.