हन्ति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰen- (to strike; slay, kill). Cognates include Ancient Greek θείνω (theínō, I strike, wound), Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬙𐬌 (jainti), Old Armenian գան (gan) and ջնեմ (ǰnem), Latin offendō, Old Church Slavonic гънати (gŭnati) and Old English bana (English bane) and gūþ (battle).

Verb[edit]

हन्ति (hanti) (cl.2 P. root √han)

  1. to strike, beat (also a drum), pound, hammer (+ accusative) etc.; upon (+ locative)
  2. to smite, slay, hit, kill, mar, destroy
  3. to put to death, cause to be executed
  4. to strike off Kathās
  5. to ward off, avert
  6. to hurt, wound (the heart)
  7. to hurl (a dart) upon
  8. (astronomy) to touch, come into contact
  9. to obstruct, hinder
  10. to repress, give up, abandon (anger, sorrow etc.)
  11. (?) to go, move
  12. to be struck or killed
  13. to cause to be slain or killed, kill, slay, put to death, punish
  14. to notify a person's death
  15. to wish to kill or destroy
  16. to strike = tread upon (locative or accusative)
  17. to dispel (darkness), destroy (evil, harm)
  18. to hurt, injure, wound

Conjugation[edit]

Present conjugation of हन्ति
present tense (gaṇa #2 / parasmaipada)
Active conjugation of हन्ति
person singular dual plural
1st person हन्मि (hanmi) हन्वः (hanvaḥ) हन्मः (hanmaḥ)
2nd person हंसि (haṃsi) हथः (hathaḥ) हथ (hatha)
3rd person हन्ति (hanti) हन्तः (hantaḥ) घ्नति (ghnati)
Middle conjugation of हन्ति
person singular dual plural
1st person {{{12}}} ({{{12}}}) {{{13}}} ({{{13}}}) {{{14}}} ({{{14}}})
2nd person {{{15}}} ({{{15}}}) {{{16}}} ({{{16}}}) {{{17}}} ({{{17}}})
3rd person {{{18}}} ({{{18}}}) {{{19}}} ({{{19}}}) {{{20}}} ({{{20}}})
Passive conjugation of हन्ति
person singular dual plural
1st person {{{21}}} ({{{21}}}) {{{22}}} ({{{22}}}) {{{23}}} ({{{23}}})
2nd person {{{24}}} ({{{24}}}) {{{25}}} ({{{25}}}) {{{26}}} ({{{26}}})
3rd person {{{27}}} ({{{27}}}) {{{28}}} ({{{28}}}) {{{29}}} ({{{29}}})

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 1287