हन्ति

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰánti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰʰánti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰénti (to strike; slay, kill). Cognates include Ancient Greek θείνω (theínō, I strike, wound), Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬙𐬌 (jainti), Old Armenian գան (gan) and ջնեմ (ǰnem), Latin offendō, Old Church Slavonic гънати (gŭnati), Old English bana (English bane) and gūþ (battle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɦɐ́n̪.t̪i/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɦɐn̪.t̪i/
  • Verb[edit]

    हन्ति (hánti) (root हन्, class 2 P)

    1. to strike, beat (also a drum), pound, hammer (+ accusative) etc.; upon (+ locative)
    2. to smite, slay, hit, kill, mar, destroy
    3. to put to death, cause to be executed
    4. to ward off, avert
    5. to hurt, wound

    Conjugation[edit]

    Present conjugation of हन्ति
    present tense (gaṇa #2 / parasmaipada)
    Active voice conjugation of हन्ति
    person singular dual plural
    1st person हन्मि (hanmi) हन्वः (hanvaḥ) हन्मः (hanmaḥ)
    2nd person हंसि (haṃsi) हथः (hathaḥ) हथ (hatha)
    3rd person हन्ति (hanti) हन्तः (hantaḥ) घ्नति (ghnati)
    Middle voice conjugation of हन्ति
    person singular dual plural
    1st person {{{12}}} {{{13}}} {{{14}}}
    2nd person {{{15}}} {{{16}}} {{{17}}}
    3rd person {{{18}}} {{{19}}} {{{20}}}
    Passive voice conjugation of हन्ति
    person singular dual plural
    1st person {{{21}}} {{{22}}} {{{23}}}
    2nd person {{{24}}} {{{25}}} {{{26}}}
    3rd person {{{27}}} {{{28}}} {{{29}}}

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1287