हम

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit अम्हे ‎(amhe) (cf. Sanskrit अस्मे/वयम् ‎(asme/vayam, we))

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

हम ‎(ham) ‎(Urdu spelling ہم)

  1. we (first person personal plural, nominative case) (Singular: मैं ‎(ma͠i) or हम ‎(ham) in alternate usage)
    हम हैं - "We are"
  2. I (the first person personal singular pronoun)
Usage notes[edit]

Because हम ‎(ham) can mean both we and I, sometimes हम लोग ‎(ham log) is used to specifically denote the plural. Usually context makes it clear when हम ‎(ham) is being used for we or for I. It is inflected and used grammatically the same for both meanings.

Declension[edit]
Declension of हम
direct हम (ham)
indirect हम (ham)
ergative हमने (hamne)
genitive हमारा (hamārā)
dative हमें (hamẽ), हमको (hamko)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian هم ‎(ham).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

हम ‎(ham), Urdu spelling: ہم

  1. also
  2. as well
  3. likewise
  4. equally
  5. together
  6. mutually

Conjunction[edit]

हम ‎(ham) ‎(Urdu spelling ہم)

  1. whether
  2. either

References[edit]