हम

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Hindi हम (hama), हंम (haṃma), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀅𑀫𑁆𑀳𑁂 (amhe), from Sanskrit अस्मे (asme).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

हम (hamm, f (Urdu spelling ہم)

  1. we (first person personal plural, nominative case) (Singular: मैं (ma͠i) or हम (ham) in alternate usage)
    हम हैं
    ham ha͠i
    we are
  2. I (the first person personal singular pronoun)
Usage notes[edit]

Because हम (ham) can mean both we and I, sometimes हम लोग (ham log, we people) is used to specifically denote the plural. Usually context makes it clear when हम (ham) is being used for we or for I. It is inflected and used grammatically the same for both meanings.

Declension[edit]
Declension of हम
direct हम (ham)
indirect हम (ham)
ergative हमने (hamne)
genitive हमारा (hamārā)
dative हमें (hamẽ), हमको (hamko)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian هم (ham).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

हम (ham), Urdu spelling: ہم

  1. also
  2. as well
  3. likewise
  4. equally
  5. together
  6. mutually

Conjunction[edit]

हम (ham) (Urdu spelling ہم)

  1. whether
  2. either

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “हम”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “हम”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Old Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀅𑀫𑁆𑀳𑁂 (amhe), from Sanskrit अस्मे (asme).

Pronoun[edit]

हम (hama)

  1. we

Descendants[edit]