กำลัง

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Thai[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle Khmer kuṃlāṃṅa (strength; vigour; brawn; force; power; might; energy; clients; dependents; servants; helper; aid; ally), Angkorian Old Khmer kanlāṅ, kanlaṅ (strength; force; power; one who is strong or powerful), or Pre-Angkorian Old Khmer kanlaṅ, kanlāṅ (strength; force; power; one who is strong or powerful); compare Modern Khmer កម្លាំង (kâmleăng). Cognate with Lao ກຳລັງ (kam lang).

The Khmer word is derived from -m- infixation of the root ខ្លាំង (khlăng, strong; vigorous; robust), whence also Thai ขลัง (klǎng, magically potent; magical; having supernatural powers; miraculous).

The auxiliary verb evolved from the noun senses and was first attested in mid-19th century writing. It supplanted the earlier postverbal auxiliary อยู่ (yùu, to stay) for marking the progressive or continuous aspect. The current use of preverbal กำลัง (gam-lang) is either in addition to, or instead of, postverbal อยู่ (yùu). Using อยู่ (yùu) alone to indicate the present tense is found in rural Thai dialects.

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic กำลัง
k å l ạ ŋ
Phonemic กำ-ลัง
k å – l ạ ŋ
Paiboon gam-lang
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /kam˧.laŋ˧/

Noun[edit]

กำลัง (gam-lang)

  1. force; strength; power; vigour.
  2. (mathematics) power: product of equal factors.
  3. (physics) power: rate of doing work.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

กำลัง (gam-lang)

  1. preverbal auxiliary marking progressive or continuous aspect.