ถึง

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See also: ถัง and ถุง

Thai[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic/Phonemicถึง
tʰ ụ ŋ
RomanizationPaiboontʉ̌ng
Royal Institutethueng
(standard) IPA(key)/tʰɯŋ˩˩˦/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Tai *C̬.tɤŋᴬ (to arrive). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨳᩮᩥ᩠ᨦ, Lao ເຖິງ (thœng), Shan ထိုင် (thǔeng), Ahom 𑜌𑜢𑜤𑜂𑜫 (thueng), Zhuang daengz. Within Kra-Dai, compare Sui dangl and Lingao [ɗɔŋ¹]. Compare also Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dateŋ (whence Malay datang, Tagalog dating).

Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative forms

Verb[edit]

ถึง (tʉ̌ng) (abstract noun การถึง)

  1. to arrive; to reach; to attain.
  2. to have or contain something enough.
  3. to meet (a criterion, requirement, etc).

Preposition[edit]

ถึง (tʉ̌ng)

  1. to; into.
  2. to the extent of; to the degree of; to the point of; as far as; as much as; up to.
  3. until.

Conjunction[edit]

ถึง (tʉ̌ng)

  1. even though; even if.
  2. (colloquial) thus; then.
Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Etymology 2[edit]

From Teochew (teng3, hot; to heat up).

Noun[edit]

ถึง (tʉ̌ng)

  1. steam cooker.
Synonyms[edit]
Synonyms