หลวง

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Compare Old Khmer hlūṅa, hlvaṅa, hlwṅa, hloṅa, hlaṅa, hlūeṅa, hlūoṅa, lūṅa ‎(title and constituent of a title of the mandarinate); Modern Khmer ហ្លួង ‎(luŏng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographic หลวง
h l w ŋ
Phonemic หฺลวง
h ̥ l w ŋ
Paiboon lǔuang
(Bangkok) IPA(key) /lu(ː)a̯ŋ˩˩˦/

Adjective[edit]

หลวง ‎(lǔuang)

  1. chief; leading; major; principal.
  2. governmental.
  3. great; large.
  4. public.
  5. royal.

Noun[edit]

หลวง ‎(lǔuang)

  1. (historical)
    1. the Thai noble rank above ขุน ‎(kǔn) and below พระ ‎(prá).
    2. person holding such rank.
  2. (colloquial) a term of respect used to address or used as an honorific for a religious figure or religious statue, as a priest, monk, image, sculpture, etc.

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]